Alain Prost

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Alain Prost
Alain Prost 2008.jpg
Prost at the 2008 Canadian Grand Prix
FIA Super Licence Flag of France France
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1980 Formula One season1991 Formula One season, 1993 Formula One season
TeamsTeam McLaren, Renault F1, Ferrari, WilliamsF1
Races202 (199 starts)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions4 (1985 Formula One season, 1986 Formula One season, 1989 Formula One season, 1993 Formula One season)
Wins51
Podiums106
Career points768.5 (798.5)[1]
Pole position33
Fastest lap41
First race1980 Argentine Grand Prix
First win1981 French Grand Prix
Last win1993 German Grand Prix
Last race1993 Australian Grand Prix

Alain Marie Pascal Prost, Order of the British Empire, Chevalier de la Légion d'honneur (born 24 February 1955) is a French People racing driver. A four-time Formula One Drivers' Champion, only Juan Manuel Fangio and Michael Schumacher have won more titles than Prost. From 1987 until 2001 Prost held the record for most History of Formula One victories. Schumacher surpassed Prost's total of 51 victories at the 2001 Belgian Grand Prix. In 1999, Prost received the World Sports Awards of the Century in the motor sport category along all-time greats like Pele, Muhammed Ali, Carl Lewis and Stefanie Graf.[2]

Prost discovered Kart racing at the age of 14 during a family holiday. He progressed through motor sport's junior ranks, winning the French and European Formula Three championships, before joining the McLaren Formula One team in 1980 Formula One season at the age of 25. He finished in the points on his Formula One debut and took his first race victory at his home Grand Prix in France a year later, while he was driving for Renault F1.

During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Prost formed a fierce rivalry with Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell. In 1986, at the last race of the season, he managed to pip Mansell and Nelson Piquet of WilliamsF1 to the title. Senna joined Prost at McLaren in 1988 and the two had a series of controversial clashes, including a collision at the 1989 Japanese Grand Prix that gave Prost his third Drivers' Championship. A year later at the same venue they collided again, but this time Prost, driving for Ferrari, lost out. Before the end of a winless 1991 season Prost was fired by Ferrari for his public criticism of the team. After a Sabbatical in 1992, Prost joined the WilliamsF1 team, prompting reigning drivers' champion Mansell to leave for CART. With a competitive car, Prost won the 1993 Formula One season but he retired at the end of the year rather than be teammates with Senna who signed for 1994.

In 1997, Prost took over the French Ligier team, running it as Prost Grand Prix until it went bankrupt in 2001. He currently competes in the Andros Trophy, which is an Ice racing championship.

Prost employed a smooth, relaxed style behind the wheel, deliberately modeling himself on personal heroes like Jackie Stewart and Jim Clark.[3] He was nicknamed 'The Professor' for his intellectual approach to competition. Skilled at setting up his car for race conditions, Prost would often conserve his brakes and tyres early on in a race, leaving them fresher for a challenge at the end of the race.[4] Motor sport journalist Denis Jenkinson described Prost as "a very warm and uncomplicated man who doesn't rely on passion or inspiration. Nor does he indulge in showmanship or bullshit. He is capable of a level of mental discipline beyond the comprehension of most people."[5]

Contents

Personal and early life


Alain Prost was born near Saint-Chamond, in the Département of Loire in France to André Prost and Marie-Rose Karatchian, born in France of Armenians descent.[6] Prost had one younger brother called Daniel, who died of Cancer in September 1986.[7] Although short, Prost was an active, athletic child, who enthusiastically took part in diverse sports, including Wrestling, Roller skating and Football (soccer). In doing so he broke his nose several times.[8] He considered careers as a gym instructor or a professional footballer before he discovered Kart racing at the age of 14 while on a family holiday.[9] This new sport quickly became his career of choice.

Prost is married to Anne-Marie (born 14 February 1955). They have two sons, Nicolas Prost (born 18 October 1981) and Sacha Prost (born 30 May 1990). Prost also has a daughter, Victoria. As of 2008, Nicolas races in the Euroseries 3000 championship for the Elk Motorsport team.[10] Prost lived in his hometown, Saint-Chamond, until he and his Renault team fell out in the early 1980s. In April 1983 the Prost family moved to Sainte-Croix, Switzerland and shortly after to Yens, Switzerland. They lived there until November 1999, when they moved to Nyon in the same country.[11]

Driving career


Pre-Formula One

Prost won several karting championships in his teens. In 1974 he left school to become a full-time racer, supporting himself by tuning engines and becoming a kart distributor. His prize for winning the 1975 French senior karting championship was a season in French[12] Formula Renault,[13] a category in which he won the title and all but one race in 1976.

Prost went on to win the 1977 Formula Renault European championship before moving up to Formula Three (F3) in 1978. In 1979 he won both the French and European F3 championships, by which time he was on the shopping lists of several Formula One teams.[13] After carefully considering his options, he chose to sign with McLaren for 1980 Formula One season. He surprised the British team by declining their offer of a race drive in a third car at the final race of the 1979 Formula One season — reasoning that the token effort would benefit neither him or the team.[14]

Formula One

1980: McLaren

Related article: McLaren

Prost began his career with McLaren in 1980 Formula One season alongside Ulsterman John Watson (racing driver). On his debut in 1980 Argentine Grand Prix he finished in sixth place earning one point, something achieved by only a handful of drivers. Prost added four more points to his tally during the season, scoring points in 1980 Brazilian Grand Prix, 1980 British Grand Prix and the 1980 Dutch Grand Prix. Prost finished the year 15th in the drivers' championship, equalling points with former world champion Emerson Fittipaldi. Despite the encouraging debut season, Prost had several accidents, breaking his wrist in one of them and suffering a Concussion of the brain in another. At the end of the season, despite having two years remaining on his contract, he left McLaren and signed with Renault F1. Prost has said that he left because of the large number of breakages on the car and because he felt the team blamed him for some of the accidents.[14]

1981–1983: Renault

Related article: Renault F1

1981

Prost was partnered with fellow Frenchman René Arnoux for 1981 Formula One season. Motor sports author Nigel Roebuck reports that there were problems between Prost and Arnoux from the start of the season, Prost being immediately quicker than his more experienced teammate.[15] He did not finish the first two Grands Prix, due to collisions with Andrea de Cesaris in 1981 United States Grand Prix West and Siegfried Stohr in 1981 Brazilian Grand Prix, but scored his first podium finish in 1981 Argentine Grand Prix. He retired in the next four races before winning his first Formula One race at his home Grand Prix in France, finishing two seconds ahead of his old teammate John Watson. For Prost, his debut victory was memorable mostly for the change it made in his mindset. "Before, you thought you could do it," he said. "Now you know you can."[16] Prost won two more races during the season, as well as his first Pole position in 1981 German Grand Prix and finished fifth in the drivers' championship, seven points behind champion Nelson Piquet.

1982

Prost won the first two Grands Prix of the 1982 Formula One season in 1982 South African Grand Prix and 1982 Brazilian Grand Prix. He finished in the points on four other occasions, but did not win again. Despite retiring from seven races, Prost improved on his drivers' championship position, finishing in fourth, but with nine fewer points than the previous year. His relationship with Arnoux deteriorated further after the 1982 French Grand Prix. Prost believes that Arnoux, who won the race, went back on a pre-race agreement to support Prost during the race. His relationship with the French media was also poor. He has since commented that "When I went to Renault the journalists wrote good things about me, but by 1982 I had become the bad guy. I think, to be honest, I had made the mistake of winning! The French don't really like winners."[15]

1983
Prost's 1983 Renault F1 Renault RE40, in which he came close to winning his first championship

Arnoux left Renault in 1983 Formula One season, and United States Eddie Cheever replaced him as Prost's partner. Prost earned a further four victories for Renault during the season and finished second in the drivers' championship, two points behind Nelson Piquet. Piquet and the Brabham team overhauled Prost and Renault in the last few races of the season. Prost, who felt the team had been too conservative in developing the car, found himself increasingly at odds with Renault's management, who made him the Scapegoat for failing to win a championship. In addition to that, the French fans recalled the bitter fight that had caused their favourite, Arnoux, to leave the team. Renault fired Prost only two days after the last race of the season. He re-signed for McLaren for the 1984 season within days and moved his family home to Switzerland.[15]

1984–1989: McLaren

1984

The Frenchman joined double world champion Niki Lauda at McLaren in 1984 Formula One season, driving the McLaren MP4/2 using Techniques d'Avant Garde engines. He lost the world championship to Lauda in the final race by half a point, despite winning seven races to Lauda's five. The half point came from the 1984 Monaco Grand Prix, where Prost had been leading, albeit with Ayrton Senna and Stefan Bellof closing on him rapidly, when officials stopped the race at half distance due to heavy rain. Under Formula One regulations, Prost received only half of the nine points normally awarded for a victory.[17]

1985
Alain Prost driving the McLaren MP4/2B at the 1985 German Grand Prix

In 1985 Formula One season Prost became the first French Formula One List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions. He won five of the sixteen Grands Prix during the season. He had also won the 1985 San Marino Grand Prix, but was disqualified after his car was found to be underweight in post-race Scrutineer.[18] Prost finished 23 points ahead of his closest rival, Michele Alboreto. Prost's performance in 1985 earned him the Légion d'honneur distinction in France.

1986

Niki Lauda retired in 1986 Formula One season, and was replaced at McLaren by 1982 Formula One season Champion Keke Rosberg. Prost successfully defended his title, despite his car struggling against the Honda Racing F1-powered Williams cars driven by Nelson Piquet and Nigel Mansell.[19] Until the latter stages of the final race of the 1986 season, the 1986 Australian Grand Prix, Prost appeared set to finish second in the Championship, behind Mansell. Prost had the same amount of wins as Piquet, but he had four second places to Piquet's three, thus placing him second before the final race. While running third behind Piquet and Prost (all he needed to win the title), Mansell suffered a Tire failure at high speed, and crashed out. The WilliamsF1 team called his teammate Piquet in to change tyres as a safety precaution, handing the race victory — and Championship — to Prost, who had already Pit stop. Another memorable race that year for Prost was at the 1986 San Marino Grand Prix. He was cruising to victory when his car began to run out of fuel three corners from the chequered flag. Frantically weaving the car back and forth to slosh the last drops of fuel into the pickup, he managed to keep it running just long enough to creep over the line and win the race. It happened again at the 1986 German Grand Prix: while running in fourth position, Prost's car ran out of fuel on the finishing straight of the last lap. Instead of retiring, Prost got out of his car and tried to push it to the finish, to great applause from the crowd. The finish line was too far, though, and he never reached it. He was classified sixth in the race, as the seventh-placed car was a lap behind.[20]

1987

With Rosberg retiring from Formula One for the 1987 Formula One season, Stefan Johansson filled the McLaren seat alongside Prost thanks to his Marlboro (cigarette) connections.[21] Even though Prost was driving a by now outclassed McLaren, he challenged Piquet and Mansell almost until the end, winning three races and breaking Jackie Stewart's record for race victories by winning for the 28th time. Prost considers the 1987 Brazilian Grand Prix as his best and most rewarding race ever. The Williams-Hondas had been dominant during qualifying, and Prost started fifth on the grid. He had worked on his race set-up, and with everyone else going for a high-downforce set-up, the Frenchman went the other way. The set-up meant less tyre wear, thanks to slower speeds in the corners while going fast down the straights. Only one stop was necessary, and Prost won the race by 40 seconds.

When you win a race like this the feeling is very, very good. There have been times when I have been flat-out to finish sixth, but you can't see that from the outside. In 1980 Formula One season I finished three or four times in seventh place. I pushed like mad, yet everyone was gathered around the winner and they were thinking that I was just trundling around. But that's motor racing. So in fact the only thing you can judge in this sport is the long term. You can judge a career or a season, but not one race.

—Alain Prost some-time after the race - transcript of recording from Forix.com, paragraphs 19 & 20.

Prost finished the 1987 season in fourth place, 30 points behind champion Nelson Piquet.

1988
Prost driving for McLaren at the 1988 Canadian Grand Prix.

Despite Nelson Piquet winning the Drivers' Championship and Williams winning the Constructors' Championship, Honda decided not to supply Williams with their engines and instead supplied the McLaren team for 1988 Formula One season. Prost had convinced Ron Dennis to sign Senna to a three-year contract, which played a role in luring Honda. However, this began the rivalry that pushed two of the sport's greatest drivers to unprecedented heights of success and controversy. McLaren-Honda dominated the season, winning 15 out of 16 races. Prost won seven and outscored his new teammate Ayrton Senna by 11 points, despite Senna winning one more race than Prost. However, only the 11 best results from the season counted toward the championship total, and this gave Senna the title by three points. Prost went on to be a proponent of essentially the 90's scoring system - all results counting to the final results with the winner scoring 10, not 9, points.

1989

McLaren's domination continued throughout 1989 Formula One season, and the Prost-Senna struggle for supremacy put them on a collision course. Mutual admiration turned to all-out hatred, with the Frenchman accusing his Brazilian teammate of "dangerous driving"[22] and of receiving more than a fair share of attention from both McLaren and Honda. Their embittered season ended as many pundits had feared. In the 1989 Japanese Grand Prix at the end of lap 46, Senna made his move at the Chicane. Prost turned into his teammate's path. The two interlocked McLarens slid up the chicane escape road. Prost, thinking the World Championship was over, climbed out of his car. To separate the cars, the Marshal pushed Senna's McLaren backwards onto the track. This left it in a dangerous position, so they pushed it forwards again. As they did so, Senna Bump starting the engine. He drove through the chicane and rejoined. The nose of his car was damaged and he had to pit, but he rejoined only five seconds behind Alessandro Nannini. On lap 50, Ayrton sliced past Nannini at the chicane to take the lead and won the race. But it was Nannini who appeared on the podium. Race officials had excluded Senna for missing the chicane. McLaren appealed the decision, but the FIA Court of Appeal not only upheld the decision but fined Senna US$100,000 and gave him a suspended six-month ban.[23] Thus Prost clinched his third driving title in controversial circumstances.

However, Prost had the firm belief that Honda and Ron Dennis viewed Senna as the future of the team. By Suzuka, Prost recalled that he had one car with maybe four or five mechanics, while his teammate had two cars and 20 people around him.[24] As a result, Prost announced on July 1989 that he would resign from McLaren and the Frenchman quickly joined his new employers: Ferrari.

1990–1991: Ferrari

Related article: Scuderia Ferrari

1990
Prost practicing for his first event for Ferrari, the 1990 United States Grand Prix

The Frenchman replaced Gerhard Berger at Ferrari and was partnered with Britain's Nigel Mansell for 1990 Formula One season. As reigning world champion, Prost took over as the team's lead driver and was said to have played on Mansell's Inferiority complex. Mansell recalls one incident where at the 1990 British Grand Prix, the car he drove didn't handle the same as in the previous race where had taken pole position, and later found out from team mechanics that Prost saw Mansell as having a superior car and had them swapped without Mansell knowing.[25] Prost won five races for Ferrari that year, in 1990 Brazilian Grand Prix, 1990 Mexican Grand Prix, 1990 French Grand Prix, 1990 British Grand Prix and 1990 Spanish Grand Prix. Notable among these was the Mexican Grand Prix, where he won after starting in 13th position. In both the Mexican and Spanish races, he led Mansell to Ferrari 1-2 finishes. The championship once again came to the penultimate round of the season in 1990 Japanese Grand Prix with Prost trailing his McLaren adversary, Ayrton Senna, by nine points. As in 1989, a controversial collision between the two settled the race. At the first corner Senna, as he later admitted, intentionally drove his race car into Prost's, taking them both out of the race and sealing the title in his favour. "What he did was disgusting," Prost said. "He is a man without value."[16] Prost finished the season seven points behind Senna, and his Ferrari team were runners-up to McLaren.

1991
Prost at the 1991 United States Grand Prix

In 1991 Formula One season, Mansell left the Scuderia, due to his unstable relationship with Prost,[26] to join his previous employers, Williams. Mansell's replacement was Frenchman Jean Alesi, who had been impressive during the previous two years at Tyrrell Racing. Ferrari had entered a downturn, partially as their famous V12 engine was no longer competitive against the smaller, lighter and more fuel efficient V10s of their competitors. The Ferrari chassis, despite a major revision by the French Grand Prix (f-643) was also not up to the level of the Mclaren and the Williams models.Prost won no races, only getting onto the podium five times. He took it out on the Italian team, publicly criticising them (he famously described his car as handling worse than "a truck"),[27] and was fired prior to the end of the season, right before the 1991 Australian Grand Prix.[28] Prost was replaced by Italy Gianni Morbidelli.

1993: Williams

See also: WilliamsF1

Prost went onto a Sabbatical year in 1992 Formula One season,[29] which was dominated by Nigel Mansell in a Williams-Renault F1. After hearing that Prost would be his teammate again in 1993, Mansell left Williams to race in the Champ car series. The Frenchman had a clause in his contract which prevented rival Ayrton Senna from joining the team that year.[30] Prost was part of a new-look driver line-up at Williams, with test driver Damon Hill coming in to replace Riccardo Patrese, who had left to join Benetton Formula.

Prost won his fourth, and final, title, but in a year where he was regularly challenged by teammate Hill, and Ayrton Senna driving an inferior McLaren. Shortly before the 1993 Portuguese Grand Prix in October 1993, Prost announced he would not defend his world title, as the clause in the Frenchman's contract did not extend to 1994 and Senna would be able to join Williams for the upcoming season[30] , and instead opted to retire as the most successful driver in the sport's history[31] — a record which stood for almost a decade. On the podium in 1993 Australian Grand Prix in 1993, Prost's last race, he and Senna embraced, and it was as if — now that Prost was no longer a rival — Senna saw no reason for any more hostility. Prost was surprised by the gesture.[32] Prost's performances earned him an Order of the British Empire.

Germany Michael Schumacher broke Prost's record of 51 Grand Prix wins during the 2001 Formula One season. However, the Frenchman still holds the records for the most Grand Prix starts in Turbo charger powered cars (126), and most wins at home Grand Prix (six at the French Grand Prix). He is also thus far the most recent Frenchman to win his home Grand Prix.

Rivalry with Ayrton Senna

Prost's battles with Ayrton Senna were particularly notable. The rivalry originated in 1988 Formula One season, when Senna joined Prost at the McLaren team. The most notable event during the season between the two occurred during the 1988 Portuguese Grand Prix, where Senna tried to block Prost from taking the lead by forcing the Frenchman to run close to the pitwall; Prost managed to edge Senna outwards, taking the lead as they went into the first corner but he remained angered by the Brazilian's dangerous manœuvre.[33]

The rivalry intensified after the 1989 San Marino Grand Prix, where the two drivers had an agreement that neither would get in each other's way to the first corner (cf. 1982 San Marino Grand Prix). At the start, Senna got away in the lead and Prost followed him through the first corner without getting in Senna's way. Gerhard Berger's crash on lap four stopped the race. At the restart, it was Prost this time that got away the better of the two; but Senna forced his way past Prost in the first corner, breaking the pair's agreement at the start of the race, leaving the Frenchman furious with Senna.[34] Prost himself was angered by McLaren apparently favouring Senna, so he announced his signing with Ferrari during midseason.

The rivalry then reached its peak at the end of 1989, when the title was to be decided between Senna and Prost at 1989 Japanese Grand Prix. The two McLarens collided at a chicane when Prost blocked an attempted pass by Senna. Prost walked away while Senna returned to the track by illegally cutting the chicane. Though he went on to win the race, the manœuvre meant that the result was disqualified. After an unsuccessful appeal by McLaren, the Brazilian received a further US$100,000 fine and a six month suspension, leading Senna to accuse FIA president Jean-Marie Balestre of favoring the Frenchman. Senna's disqualification meant that it was mathematically impossible for him to overhaul Prost's points total, and so the 1989 Championship went to the Frenchman. There has been much debate as to whether Prost intentionally ran into Senna, whether Senna was overambitious in his overtaking manoeuver, or whether the collision was simply a racing incident between two team-mates who were far from matey. Prost admitted years later that he had knowingly not let Senna through despite Senna having the inside line at the chicane.

1990 Formula One season saw the two drivers collide again. Senna led Prost, now in a Ferrari, in the world drivers' championship. Prost had qualified second for the penultimate race of the season in Suzuka, 1990 Japanese Grand Prix, and Senna was on pole. Prior to the race Senna had complained that his side of the grid was dirty, meaning he would get less grip and therefore a slower start compared to Prost who was on the clean side of the grid. The Brazilian's appeal was rejected.[35] At the start of the race, Prost got the better start of the two; but whilst braking for the first corner, Senna rammed his McLaren into Prost's Ferrari at 160 mph (260 km/h), clinching the title for the Brazilian.[36] Prost almost retired from the sport, saying "What he did was disgusting. He is a man without value." [16] A year later, Senna admitted that the move was premeditated, in retaliation for Prost taking the two out of the race at the chicane on the same course the previous year when in a similar position.[37]

There was one controversial incident in 1991 Formula One season, Prost's inferior Ferrari was unable to put up a challenge regularly to Senna's frontrunning McLaren. At the German Grand Prix Prost battled Senna for 4th place, however he felt Senna defended too aggressively and forced Prost to take avoiding action by using the escape road. Prost stalled his car rejoining the race. Ironically, Senna ran out of fuel on the last lap at the very same point. Prost angrily told the press following the race "I can no longer win the championship but if I catch him like that again I will push him out that is for sure!".

Senna laughed this off claiming Prost used a range of excuses to blame others for his misfortune, the two were summoned for clear the air talks at the next race in Hungary which ended with a very public handshake. Prost was given a one race suspended ban for his comments following the German Grand Prix.

The Frenchman took a sabbatical in 1992 Formula One season while the Brazilian struggled as McLaren was no longer competitive with Williams. When Prost announced his signing with Williams for the upcoming 1993 season, Senna had wanted join that team too, even offering to drive for free as they were clearly the top team. However, Prost had a clause in his contract forbidding the Brazilian as a teammate, and an infuriated Senna called the Frenchman a coward during a press conference at Estoril.

During the 1993 Formula One season, Prost and Senna continued their on-track rivalry. Prost was escorted by police to the Interlagos circuit for the 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix due to the hostility of Brazilians towards him.[38] The two continued their on-track battles at 1993 British Grand Prix where Senna aggressively defended his position against Prost. At Prost's last Grand Prix, the 1993 Australian Grand Prix, he was pulled up by Senna onto the top step of the podium for an embrace.[39]

On 1 May 1994, Ayrton Senna Death of Ayrton Senna at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix. Prost was a Pallbearer at the Brazilian's funeral.[40] Speaking four years after the Brazilian's death, Prost told Nigel Roebuck that he had "always refused to speak about him." When Senna died, Prost stated that "a part of himself had died also", because their careers had been so bound together.[41] Senna had also felt the same when Prost had retired at the end of 1993, when he admitted to a close friend that he had realised how much of his motivation had come from fighting with Prost. Only a couple of days before his death, when filming an in-car lap of Imola for French television channel TF1, he greeted Prost, by then a pundit on the channel: "I'd like to welcome back my friend Alain — we all miss you…' Prost said that he was touched by that.[42]

Comparison with team-mates

During the course of his career, season-by-season Prost beat nearly all his team-mates on total points, including five World Champions. The only exceptions were in 1984 when Niki Lauda won by half a point, and in Prost's first F1 season, when he was beaten by John Watson. In 1988, although Prost scored more points in total than his team-mate Ayrton Senna, only the best eleven of sixteen results counted towards the championship, which Senna won.

Year Prost's points[1] Team-mates' points[1] Team-mate
1980 Formula One season 5 6 John Watson (racing driver)
1981 Formula One season 43 11 René Arnoux
1982 Formula One season 34 28 René Arnoux
1983 Formula One season 57 22 Eddie Cheever
1984 Formula One season 71.5 72 Niki Lauda
1985 Formula One season 73 (76) 14 Niki Lauda
1986 Formula One season 72 (74) 22 Keke Rosberg
1987 Formula One season 46 30 Stefan Johansson
1988 Formula One season 87 (105) 90 (94) Ayrton Senna
1989 Formula One season 76 (81) 60 Ayrton Senna
1990 Formula One season 71 (73) 37 Nigel Mansell
1991 Formula One season 34 21 Jean Alesi
1993 Formula One season 99 69 Damon Hill

Helmet

Alain Prost's racing overalls for the 1993 season.

Prost uses a helmet design based on the three colours of the Flag of France, those being blue, white and red, along with his name along the side. During his early career however, Prost used a basic design of white all over with some blue detail around the visor.[43] During Prost's time at Renault, he used more blue details, most notably around the rear of his helmet. Prost kept the similar design for his second spell at McLaren, the only variant being the change in sponsor logos. Prost's helmet changed when he moved to Ferrari, as his helmet now had the blue detail around the front, surrounding the visor.[44] The helmet design did not change when Prost moved to Williams; like his move from Renault to McLaren in 1984, the only change to his helmet was the change in sponsor logos.

The sponsors on Prost's helmet have been Hugo Boss, Canon (company), Elf Aquitaine, Ferrari, Honda (Acura at American Grands Prix), KicKers, Marlboro (cigarette), Michelin, Moët et Chandon, Sega and its character Sonic the Hedgehog (character), Segafredo Zanetti and Renault.

Later life


During 1994 and 1995, Prost worked as TV pundit for the French TV channel TF1.[45] He also worked for Renault as a Public relations.[45] Prost went back to his old team McLaren, working as a technical advisor; he also competed in the L'Etape du Tour, which is a bicycle race held in France.[45] More than 5000 other riders took part; Prost himself finished 12th in his category, 42nd overall.[45]

Prost Grand Prix

Main article: Prost Grand Prix

During 1989 Prost began to contemplate starting his own team, as his relationship with his McLaren teammate, Ayrton Senna, had turned sour. Prost and John Barnard, formerly chief designer at McLaren, came close to founding a team in 1990; but a lack of sponsorship meant that this was not possible, so Prost moved to Ferrari. After falling out with the Italian team at the end of 1991, Prost found himself without a drive for 1992; after the failure of extensive negotiations with Guy Ligier about buying his Ligier team, Prost decided to join Williams for 1993.[46] In 1995, when Prost was working for Renault, people began to assume that a Prost-Renault team would be formed in the near future. Renault refused Prost's request to supply engines for his team, ending the speculation.[46]

Olivier Panis driving for the Prost Grand Prix team at the 1998 Canadian Grand Prix

On 13 February 1997, Prost bought the Ligier team from Flavio Briatore and renamed it "Prost Grand Prix".[47] The day after he bought the team, Prost signed a three-year deal with French car manufacturer Peugeot, who would supply the team with engines for the 1998 Formula One season through the 2000 Formula One season.[47] For the team's first season, Prost kept one of Ligier's 1996 drivers, Olivier Panis, who had won the 1996 Monaco Grand Prix the previous year; Japan driver Shinji Nakano was signed to partner Panis. The team raced with the Mugen-Honda engines used by Ligier the previous season. Things looked promising at the start of the season, as the team picked up two points on its Grand Prix debut in 1997 Australian Grand Prix when Olivier Panis finished fifth. The team scored a further 13 points before Panis broke his leg in an accident during the 1997 Canadian Grand Prix. He was replaced by Minardi's Jarno Trulli. From there, things started to go downhill slightly, the team scored only five points during Panis' recovery. The Frenchman came back at the end of the season to race the final three Grand Prix. Prost GP finished sixth in the constructors' championship in its first season, with 21 points.

Alain Prost with Lionel Jospin and Marie-George Buffet in 2000.

Prost became the president of Prost Grand Prix at the start of 1998 Formula One season. With Peugeot supplying the engines for Prost GP, Mugen-Honda decided to supply the Jordan Grand Prix team. Prost GP scored a single point during the season, Jarno Trulli finishing sixth in 1998 Belgian Grand Prix.

1999 Formula One season was a crucial year for Prost GP.[48] Prost hired John Barnard as a technical consultant,[47] Barnard's B3 Technologies company helping Loic Bigois and the design of the AP02. Panis and Trulli agreed to stay on with the team for the season. While the car did not prove to be a major concern, the Peugeot engine proved to be heavy and unreliable.

Peugeot's final year as Prost's engine supplier in 2000 Formula One season saw some optimism, Prost hiring his 1991 Ferrari team mate Jean Alesi to drive the lead car and Germany Nick Heidfeld, who had won the 1999 Formula 3000 season International Formula 3000 championship, to partner him. The season proved to be yet another disastrous one, with newly hired technical director Alan Jenkins fired midway through the year. Prost restructured the team, hiring Joan Villadelprat as the managing director and replacing Jenkins with Henri Durand as the team's new technical director.[47]

2001 Formula One season saw some much needed optimism for the team as Ferrari agreed to be the team's engine supplier for the season, the team now moving in the right direction.[47] But the money ran out at the start of the 2002 Formula One season season and Prost was out of business, leaving debts of around $30 million.[47]

After Prost Grand Prix

During 2002, Prost spent time with his family and competed in eight bicycle races, finishing third in the Granite – Mont Lozère.[49] The Frenchman raced in the Andros Trophy in 2003, finishing second in the championship behind Yvan Muller;[50] he also became an Ambassador for Uniroyal, a position he would keep until May 2006.[45]

Prost continued to compete in the Andros Trophy, winning the title with Toyota in 2006/07 and 2007/08.[51][52][53]

Complete Formula One results

(F1 driver results legend 2) (Races in bold indicate pole position, races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 WDC Points[1]
1980 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren M29 Ford Motor Company Cosworth DFV 1980 Argentine Grand Prix
6
1980 Brazilian Grand Prix
5
1980 South African Grand Prix
DNS
1980 United States Grand Prix West 16th 5
McLaren McLaren M29 1980 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1980 French Grand Prix
Ret
1980 British Grand Prix
6
1980 German Grand Prix
11
1980 Austrian Grand Prix
7
McLaren McLaren M30 1980 Dutch Grand Prix
6
1980 Italian Grand Prix
7
1980 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 United States Grand Prix
DNS
1981 Formula One season Renault F1 Elf Aquitaine Renault F1 Renault RE20 Renault F1 V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1981 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1981 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Argentine Grand Prix
3
1981 San Marino Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
5th 43
Renault F1 Renault RE30 1981 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1981 French Grand Prix
1
1981 British Grand Prix
Ret
1981 German Grand Prix
2
1981 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Dutch Grand Prix
1
1981 Italian Grand Prix
1
1981 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
2
1982 Formula One season Renault F1 Elf Aquitaine Renault F1 Renault RE30 Renault F1 V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1982 South African Grand Prix
1
1982 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1982 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1982 San Marino Grand Prix
Ret
1982 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1982 Monaco Grand Prix
7
1982 Detroit Grand Prix
NC
1982 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1982 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1982 British Grand Prix
6
1982 French Grand Prix
2
1982 German Grand Prix
Ret
1982 Austrian Grand Prix
8
1982 Swiss Grand Prix
2
1982 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1982 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
4
4th 34
1983 Formula One season Renault F1 Elf Aquitaine Renault F1 Renault RE30 Renault F1 V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1983 Brazilian Grand Prix
7
2nd 57
Renault F1 Renault RE40 1983 United States Grand Prix West
11
1983 French Grand Prix
1
1983 San Marino Grand Prix
2
1983 Monaco Grand Prix
3
1983 Belgian Grand Prix
1
1983 Detroit Grand Prix
8
1983 Canadian Grand Prix
5
1983 British Grand Prix
1
1983 German Grand Prix
4
1983 Austrian Grand Prix
1
1983 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1983 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1983 European Grand Prix
2
1983 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1984 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren MP4/2 Techniques d'Avant Garde V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1984 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1984 South African Grand Prix
2
1984 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1984 San Marino Grand Prix
1
1984 French Grand Prix
7
1984 Monaco Grand Prix
1
1984 Canadian Grand Prix
3
1984 Detroit Grand Prix
4
1984 Dallas Grand Prix
Ret
1984 British Grand Prix
Ret
1984 German Grand Prix
1
1984 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1984 Dutch Grand Prix
1
1984 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1984 European Grand Prix
1
1984 Portuguese Grand Prix
1
2nd 71.5
1985 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren MP4/2 Techniques d'Avant Garde V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1985 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1985 Portuguese Grand Prix
Ret
1985 San Marino Grand Prix
DSQ
1985 Monaco Grand Prix
1
1985 Canadian Grand Prix
3
1985 Detroit Grand Prix
Ret
1985 French Grand Prix
3
1985 British Grand Prix
1
1985 German Grand Prix
2
1985 Austrian Grand Prix
1
1985 Dutch Grand Prix
2
1985 Italian Grand Prix
1
1985 Belgian Grand Prix
3
1985 European Grand Prix
4
1985 South African Grand Prix
3
1985 Australian Grand Prix
Ret
1st 73 (76)
1986 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren MP4/2 Techniques d'Avant Garde V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1986 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1986 Spanish Grand Prix
3
1986 San Marino Grand Prix
1
1986 Monaco Grand Prix
1
1986 Belgian Grand Prix
6
1986 Canadian Grand Prix
2
1986 Detroit Grand Prix
3
1986 French Grand Prix
2
1986 British Grand Prix
3
1986 German Grand Prix
6
1986 Hungarian Grand Prix
Ret
1986 Austrian Grand Prix
1
1986 Italian Grand Prix
DSQ
1986 Portuguese Grand Prix
2
1986 Mexican Grand Prix
2
1986 Australian Grand Prix
1
1st 72 (74)
1987 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren MP4/3 Techniques d'Avant Garde V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1987 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1987 San Marino Grand Prix
Ret
1987 Belgian Grand Prix
1
1987 Monaco Grand Prix
9
1987 Detroit Grand Prix
3
1987 French Grand Prix
3
1987 British Grand Prix
Ret
1987 German Grand Prix
7
1987 Hungarian Grand Prix
3
1987 Austrian Grand Prix
6
1987 Italian Grand Prix
15
1987 Portuguese Grand Prix
1
1987 Spanish Grand Prix
2
1987 Mexican Grand Prix
Ret
1987 Japanese Grand Prix
7
1987 Australian Grand Prix
Ret
4th 46
1988 Formula One season Honda Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren MP4/4 Honda Racing F1 V6 engine (Turbo-charged) 1988 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1988 San Marino Grand Prix
2
1988 Monaco Grand Prix
1
1988 Mexican Grand Prix
1
1988 Canadian Grand Prix
2
1988 Detroit Grand Prix
2
1988 French Grand Prix
1
1988 British Grand Prix
Ret
1988 German Grand Prix
2
1988 Hungarian Grand Prix
2
1988 Belgian Grand Prix
2
1988 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1988 Portuguese Grand Prix
1
1988 Spanish Grand Prix
1
1988 Japanese Grand Prix
2
1988 Australian Grand Prix
1
2nd 87 (105)
1989 Formula One season Honda Marlboro (cigarette) Team McLaren McLaren McLaren MP4/5 Honda Racing F1 V10 engine 1989 Brazilian Grand Prix
2
1989 San Marino Grand Prix
2
1989 Monaco Grand Prix
2
1989 Mexican Grand Prix
5
1989 United States Grand Prix
1
1989 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1989 French Grand Prix
1
1989 British Grand Prix
1
1989 German Grand Prix
2
1989 Hungarian Grand Prix
4
1989 Belgian Grand Prix
2
1989 Italian Grand Prix
1
1989 Portuguese Grand Prix
2
1989 Spanish Grand Prix
3
1989 Japanese Grand Prix
Ret
1989 Australian Grand Prix
Ret
1st 76 (81)
1990 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 641 Ferrari V12 engine 1990 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1990 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1990 San Marino Grand Prix
4
1990 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
2nd 71 (73)
Ferrari 641/2 1990 Canadian Grand Prix
5
1990 Mexican Grand Prix
1
1990 French Grand Prix
1
1990 British Grand Prix
1
1990 German Grand Prix
4
1990 Hungarian Grand Prix
Ret
1990 Belgian Grand Prix
2
1990 Italian Grand Prix
2
1990 Portuguese Grand Prix
3
1990 Spanish Grand Prix
1
1990 Japanese Grand Prix
Ret
1990 Australian Grand Prix
3
1991 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 642 Ferrari V12 engine 1991 United States Grand Prix
2
1991 Brazilian Grand Prix
4
1991 San Marino Grand Prix
DNS
1991 Monaco Grand Prix
5
1991 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1991 Mexican Grand Prix
Ret
5th 34
Ferrari 643 1991 French Grand Prix
2
1991 British Grand Prix
3
1991 German Grand Prix
Ret
1991 Hungarian Grand Prix
Ret
1991 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1991 Italian Grand Prix
3
1991 Portuguese Grand Prix
Ret
1991 Spanish Grand Prix
2
1991 Japanese Grand Prix
4
1991 Australian Grand Prix
1993 Formula One season Canon (company) WilliamsF1 Renault WilliamsF1 Williams FW15C Renault F1 V10 engine 1993 South African Grand Prix
1
1993 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1993 European Grand Prix
3
1993 San Marino Grand Prix
1
1993 Spanish Grand Prix
1
1993 Monaco Grand Prix
4
1993 Canadian Grand Prix
1
1993 French Grand Prix
1
1993 British Grand Prix
1
1993 German Grand Prix
1
1993 Hungarian Grand Prix
12
1993 Belgian Grand Prix
3
1993 Italian Grand Prix
12
1993 Portuguese Grand Prix
2
1993 Japanese Grand Prix
2
1993 Australian Grand Prix
2
1st 99

Further reading

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Up until 1990 Formula One season, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see List of Formula One World Championship pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. The Independent (London), Nov 21, 1999, Retrieved 8 March 2008; Jet, December 13, 1999, Retrieved 8 March 2008; Prostfan.com - Profile, Retrieved 8 March 2008
  3. Roebuck, Nigel (1986) Grand Prix Greats p. 131 Book Club Associates ISBN 0-85059-792-7
  4. Hall of Fame — Alain Prost, Formula1.com. Paragraph 6. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  5. 8W — Who? — Alain Prost, Forix.com. Paragraph 24. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  6. Alain's Biography (1921–54), ProstFan.com. Retrieved 22 November 2006.
  7. Alain Prost Siblings, ProstFan.com. Retrieved 25 September 2006.
  8. Hall of Fame — Alain Prost, Formula1.com. Paragraph 2. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  9. Hall of Fame — Alain Prost, Formula1.com. Paragraph 1. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  10. - Nicolas' career year by year, 2003 - 2008, ProstFan.com. Retrieved 24 March 2008.
  11. Alain Prost Information, ProstFan.com]. Retrieved 17 August 2006.
  12. There were several national Formula Renault championships in Europe.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Alain Prost, GrandPrix.com. Retrieved October 2006.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Roebuck, Nigel Grand Prix Greats 1986, p. 126. Book Club Associates ISBN 0-85059-792-7
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Roebuck, Nigel Grand Prix Greats 1986, p. 129. Book Club Associates ISBN 0-85059-792-7
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 Hall of Fame — Alain Prost, formula1.com. Retrieved 7 October 2006.
  17. Prost wins under a cloud of controversy, GPRacing.net192.com. Retrieved 25 January 2007.
  18. "1985 San Marino Grand Prix". GPRacing.net192.com. http://www.gpracing.net192.com/races/reports/407.cfm. Retrieved on 7 October 2006. 
  19. "1986 Australian Grand Prix". GPRacing.net192.com. http://www.gpracing.net192.com/races/reports/436.cfm. Retrieved on 7 October 2006. 
  20. "Grand Prix Results: German GP, 1986". GrandPrix.com. http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr430.html. Retrieved on 7 November 2006. 
  21. "8W - Who? - Alain Prost". Forix.com Paragraph 18. http://www.forix.com/8w/prost.html. Retrieved on 16 August 2006. 
  22. "Hall of Fame - Alain Prost". Formula1.com Paragraph 7. http://www.formula1.com/teams_and_drivers/hall_of_fame/36/. Retrieved on 16 August 2006. 
  23. "Grand Prix Results: Japanese GP, 1989". GrandPrix.com. http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr483.html. Retrieved on 16 August 2006. 
  24. prostfan.com - Ayrton Senna by Alain Prost
  25. Mansell, Nigel My Autobiography page 222 Collins Willow ISBN 0-00-218497-4
  26. Murray Walker & Simon Taylor Murray Walker's Formula One Heroes p. 108, paragraph 2. Virgin Books, ISBN 1-85227-918-4
  27. Zapelloni, Umberto. Formula Ferrari. Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 17. ISBN 0-340-83471-4. 
  28. Murray Walker & Simon Taylor, Murray Walker's Formula One Heroes p. 115, lines 6–9. Virgin Books, ISBN 1-85227-918-4
  29. "Hall of Fame — Alain Prost". Formula1.com, paragraph 9. http://www.formula1.com/teams_and_drivers/hall_of_fame/36/. Retrieved on 16 August 2006. 
  30. 30.0 30.1 Menard and Vassal (2003), p. 138.
  31. "Grand Prix Results: Portuguese GP, 1993". GrandPrix.com. http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr546.html. Retrieved on 7 November 2006. 
  32. "Ayrton Senna by Alain Prost". ProstFan.com, paragraph 50. http://www.prostfan.com/senna2.htm. Retrieved on 12 October 2006. 
  33. Grand Prix Results: Portuguese GP, 1988, GrandPrix.com. Retrieved 17 August 2006.
  34. Hughes, Mark. The Unofficial Complete Encyclopedia Of Formula One. Hermes House. pp. 72, lines 13–27. ISBN 1-84309-864-4. 
  35. Hughes, Mark. The Unofficial Complete Encyclopedia Of Formula One. Hermes House. pp. 75, lines 8–17. ISBN 1-84309-864-4. 
  36. Hughes, Mark. The Unofficial Complete Encyclopedia of Formula One. Hermes House. pp. 75, lines 18–29. ISBN 1-84309-864-4. 
  37. Ayrton Senna attacks Jean-Marie Balestre, GrandPrix.com. Retrieved 11 October 2006.
  38. Allsop, Derick. Designs on Victory: On the Grand Prix Trail With Benetton. Hutchinson. ISBN 0-09-178311-9. 
  39. Fan review of Grand Prix with image of pair on podium. http://www.farzadsf1gallery.com/features/adel93.html. Retrieved January 28 2007.
  40. Open Warfare, GPRacing.net192.com. Retrieved 28 November 2006.
  41. Ayrton Senna — By Alain Prost, ProstFan.com. Paragraph 3. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  42. Hamilton, Maurice. Frank Williams. Macmillan. pp. 234. ISBN 0-333-71716-3. 
  43. Grande Prěmio da Argentina de 1980 LookWeb.com.br. Retrieved 12 October 2006
  44. Alain Prost Helmet JmJauto.com. Retrieved 12 October 2006
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 Alain Prost Information - Alain's career year by year, 1973 - 2006 ProstFan.com. Retrieved 11 October 2006
  46. 46.0 46.1 Team Prost - a dream or reality? GrandPrix.com. Retrieved 12 October 2006
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.5 GrandPrix.com > GP Encyclopedia > Constructor > Prost Grand Prix GrandPrix.com. Retrieved September 8 2006
  48. Jean-Michel Desnoues; Patrick Camus & Jean-Marc Loubat Formula 1 99 . Queen Anne Press. ISBN 1-85291-606-0
  49. Alain Prost 2002 Bicycle Racing, ProstFan.com. Retrieved 11 October 2006.
  50. Trophée Andros Championship Standings, p. 3. ProstFan.com. Retrieved 11 October 2006.
  51. Trophée Andros Championship Standings, p. 4. ProstFan.com, retrieved 11 October 2006.
  52. Trophée Andros Championship Standings, p. 5. ProstFan.com, retrieved 11 October 2006.
  53. Trophée Andros, ProstFan.com. Retrieved 11 October 2006.

References

All Formula One race and championship results are taken from:

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Elio de Angelis
List of Monaco Grand Prix Formula Three support race winners
1979
Succeeded by
Mauro Baldi
Preceded by
Patrick Depailler (1973)
French Formula Three Championship
Champion

1979
Succeeded by
Alain Ferté
Preceded by
Jan Lammers
European Formula Three Championship
Champion

1979
Succeeded by
Michele Alboreto
Preceded by
Niki Lauda
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
1985 Formula One season-1986 Formula One season
Succeeded by
Nelson Piquet
Preceded by
Ayrton Senna
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
1989 Formula One season
Succeeded by
Ayrton Senna
Preceded by
Nigel Mansell
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
1993 Formula One season
Succeeded by
Michael Schumacher
Records
Preceded by
Jackie Stewart
27 wins

(1965 Formula One season1973 Formula One season)
List of Formula One driver records
51 wins
,
28th at the 1987 Portuguese Grand Prix
Succeeded by
Michael Schumacher
91 wins
,
52nd at the 2001 Belgian Grand Prix
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Niki Lauda
Autosport
International Racing Driver Award

1985
Succeeded by
Nigel Mansell
Preceded by
Murray Walker
Colin McRae
Autosport
Gregor Grant Award

1994
Succeeded by
Leo Mehl
Emerson Fittipaldi


Persondata
NAME Prost, Alain Marie Pascal
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Retired French Formula One Driver
DATE OF BIRTH 24 February 1955
PLACE OF BIRTH Saint-Chamond, France
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

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