Carlos Reutemann

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Carlos Reutemann
Carlos Reutemann.jpg
FIA Super Licence Flag of Argentina Argentina
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1972 Formula One season - 1982 Formula One season
TeamsBrabham, Ferrari, Team Lotus, WilliamsF1
Races146
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions0
Wins12
Podiums45
Career points298 (310)[1]
Pole position6
Fastest lap6
First race1972 Argentine Grand Prix
First win1974 South African Grand Prix
Last win1981 Belgian Grand Prix
Last race1982 Brazilian Grand Prix
Carlos Reutemann at the wheel of the Brabham BT44 during the 1974 Race of Champions (Brands Hatch) at Brands Hatch.

Carlos Alberto Reutemann (born Santa Fe, Argentina April 12, 1942), nicknamed "Lole", is an Argentina former racing driver (who raced in Formula One from 1972 Formula One season through 1982 Formula One season), and later a prominent politician in his native province of Santa Fe Province, for the Justicialist Party.

As a racing driver, Reutemann showed flashes of brilliance alternated with disappointing performances. He earned 12 Grand Prix wins and six pole positions, but he was at times overshadowed by more forceful teammates and, some say, did not respond well to pressure at key moments in his career. In 1981 Formula One season, he finished second in the World Drivers' Championship by one point when he was overtaken in the 1981 Caesars Palace Grand Prix. He was the only Formula One driver to be at the podium of a World Rally Championship when he finished third in the 1980 and 1985 editions of Rally Argentina.[2]

As a two-time popular governor and a Argentine Senate, he has been considered by some, on several occasions, to be a worthy candidate for President of Argentina, but he has always declined this possibility until December 2008.[3]

Contents

Racing career


Descended from a Switzerland-Germany grandfather, an Argentine father and an Italy mother, Reutemann was the first successful Argentine Formula One driver since the retirement of five-time World Champion Juan Manuel Fangio in 1958. After racing touring cars and Formula 2 in Argentina, he moved to Europe in 1970 to drive a Brabham for the Automobile Club of Argentina Team in the European Formula 2 series. He immediately received attention when he took out Austria Formula One driver Jochen Rindt (that year's eventual World Champion) on the first lap of his first race at Hockenheimring, but carried on the finish fourth. The next season, he finished a close second in the series to Sweden's Ronnie Peterson.

Impressed with his rapid progress, Brabham F1 team boss Bernie Ecclestone signed Reutemann to drive alongside veteran and two-time World Champion Graham Hill for the 1972 Formula One season. At the 1972 Argentine Grand Prix, in front of his home crowd at Buenos Aires for his first Grand Prix, Reutemann qualified his Brabham BT34 on pole position. This was a feat previously performed only by Mario Andretti, and since matched only by Jacques Villeneuve, and unlike those two, Reutemann was not driving the best car (teammate Hill qualified 16th). He finished the race in seventh after having to pit to replace his soft tyres, and the main highlight for the rest of the year was his win in the non-Championship Interlagos Grand Prix.

Teamed with Brazilian Wilson Fittipaldi Júnior for the 1973 Formula One season, Reutemann scored two podium finishes and seventh in the Driver's Championship. For 1974 Formula One season, the Gordon Murray-designed Brabham BT44 was a vast improvement and the team finished a close fifth in the Constructor's Championship. Reutemann took the first three victories of his F1 career at 1974 South African Grand Prix, 1974 Austrian Grand Prix and the 1974 United States Grand Prix. He might have won the first race of the year in 1974 Argentine Grand Prix, too, but the Brabham team apparently failed to properly fuel his car and he ran out of fuel with less than two laps to go while safely in the lead. Sadly, in the years that followed, he never came as close to winning his home race. Though he matched Driver's Champion Emerson Fittipaldi's win total, inconsistent performances in the other races left Reutemann sixth in the season standings.

Five podium finishes in 1975 Formula One season, including a dominant win in 1975 German Grand Prix at the old Nürburgring, allowed Reutemann to place third in that year's Championship. The Brabham team switched to the Alfa Romeo (Formula One) flat-12 engine for 1976 Formula One season and suffered from serious reliability problems, seemingly sapping Reutemann's fragile motivation. After seven retirements and only one finish in the points (fourth place in 1976 Spanish Grand Prix) in the first twelve races, Reutemann negotiated a release from his Brabham contract to sign with Ferrari. He raced only once for the new team, in a third car at Autodromo Nazionale Monza, then sat out the final three races.

When Clay Regazzoni left Ferrari for the Ensign (racing team) in 1977 Formula One season, Reutemann was paired with the feisty Niki Lauda, who had nearly died in a fiery crash the previous season. In the first two races, Reutemann finished third (frustratingly behind ex-Brabham teammate José Carlos Pace) in 1977 Argentine Grand Prix and won in 1977 Brazilian Grand Prix, but then Lauda reaffirmed his position as team leader. Reutemann's star receded and he did not win another race. Lauda won his second Championship, while Reutemann finished fourth.

Driving his Ferrari 312T3, Reutemann won the 1978 United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen International, NY.
When Lauda moved to Brabham in 1978 Formula One season, Reutemann became the senior member of the Ferrari team, joined by the young Canada Gilles Villeneuve. Reutemann used the Ferrari 312T3 to win in 1978 Brazilian Grand Prix, 1978 British Grand Prix and twice in the United States (1978 United States Grand Prix West and 1978 United States Grand Prix). However, the Team Lotus was dominant once their new Lotus 79 was introduced at 1978 Monaco Grand Prix, and Reutemann did well to finish a close third in the points standings behind Andretti and Peterson.

With an opening at Lotus in 1979 Formula One season after the tragic death of Ronnie Peterson, Reutemann's decision to move from Ferrari to Lotus seemed like a natural one. Reutemann's timing was off, however, and he struggled while Jody Scheckter won the title for Ferrari. After four podiums and six points finishes in the first seven races, the season went sour and Reutemann finished in seventh place for the season.

Joining the WilliamsF1 team for 1980 Formula One season brought back some of his form. Williams had the excellent Williams FW07 car at its disposal and Reutemann used it to win at 1980 Monaco Grand Prix and score eight podiums for third in the Championship. His partnership with number one driver and World Champion Alan Jones (Formula 1) was wildly productive for Williams, who won their first Constructor's Championship with a then-record 120 points. But again, Reutemann's relationship with his teammate soured when, the following season, Reutemann disobeyed the team's orders to allow Jones to win the 1981 Brazilian Grand Prix. The win (and another in 1981 Belgian Grand Prix) helped put Reutemann in a position to win a furious five-way battle for the title at the season-ending race in 1981 Caesars Palace Grand Prix.

Near miss

Reutemann arrived in Las Vegas with a one point lead in the Championship over Brazil Nelson Piquet. He began the race from pole position, ahead of Jones, who had vowed not to provide any "help" in Reutemann's quest, while Piquet was fourth. At the start, Jones jumped into the lead and Reutemann was quickly passed by Villeneuve, Alain Prost and Bruno Giacomelli.

On lap 17, battling over seventh place as they approached the last left-hander before the pits, Piquet's Brabham was nearly touching the back of Reutemann's Williams. Piquet got around Reutemann on the inside when Reutemann, fighting for the Championship, inexplicably braked early. Piquet said, "I saw his car getting worse oversteer, then he braked very early, I think in the hope I would run into him, but I saw it and passed easily."

On the next lap, Andretti also went by Reutemann. Piquet put himself in a position to score points when he took over sixth place from John Watson (racing driver) on lap 22. Reutemann continued to slip backwards with gearbox trouble, having lost fourth gear as early as lap two.

Having mounted the strongest Championship challenge of his career, Reutemann finished the race in eighth, a lap down, and the title went to Piquet. Reutemann returned with Williams for 1982 Formula One season with his confidence partially restored, and he finished second in the season opener in 1982 South African Grand Prix. A dispute with Frank Williams regarding team orders, however, caused him to leave Formula One after the 1982 Brazilian Grand Prix and his racing career was over.

Complete Formula One World Championship results


(F1 driver results legend 2) (Races in bold indicate pole position, races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WDC Points[1]
1972 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT34 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1972 Argentine Grand Prix
7
1972 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Spanish Grand Prix
Inj
1972 Monaco Grand Prix
Inj
16th 3
Brabham Brabham BT37 1972 Belgian Grand Prix
13
1972 French Grand Prix
12
1972 British Grand Prix
8
1972 German Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Canadian Grand Prix
4
1972 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT37 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1973 Argentine Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Brazilian Grand Prix
11
1973 South African Grand Prix
7
7th 16
Brabham Brabham BT42 1973 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Swedish Grand Prix
4
1973 French Grand Prix
3
1973 British Grand Prix
6
1973 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1973 German Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Austrian Grand Prix
4
1973 Italian Grand Prix
6
1973 Canadian Grand Prix
8
1973 United States Grand Prix
3
1974 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT44 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1974 Argentine Grand Prix
7
1974 Brazilian Grand Prix
7
1974 South African Grand Prix
1
1974 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Swedish Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Dutch Grand Prix
12
1974 French Grand Prix
Ret
1974 British Grand Prix
6
1974 German Grand Prix
3
1974 Austrian Grand Prix
1
1974 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Canadian Grand Prix
9
1974 United States Grand Prix
1
6th 32
1975 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT44 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1975 Argentine Grand Prix
3
1975 Brazilian Grand Prix
8
1975 South African Grand Prix
2
1975 Spanish Grand Prix
3
1975 Monaco Grand Prix
9
1975 Belgian Grand Prix
3
1975 Swedish Grand Prix
2
1975 Dutch Grand Prix
4
1975 French Grand Prix
14
1975 British Grand Prix
Ret
1975 German Grand Prix
1
1975 Austrian Grand Prix
14
1975 Italian Grand Prix
4
1975 United States Grand Prix
Ret
3rd 37
1976 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT45 Alfa Romeo in Formula One Flat-12 1976 Brazilian Grand Prix
12
1976 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1976 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1976 Spanish Grand Prix
4
1976 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Swedish Grand Prix
Ret
1976 French Grand Prix
11
1976 British Grand Prix
Ret
1976 German Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
16th 3
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312T2 Ferrari Flat-12 1976 Italian Grand Prix
9
1976 Canadian Grand Prix
1976 United States Grand Prix
1976 Japanese Grand Prix
1977 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312T2 Ferrari Flat-12 1977 Argentine Grand Prix
3
1977 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1977 South African Grand Prix
8
1977 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1977 Spanish Grand Prix
2
1977 Monaco Grand Prix
3
1977 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Swedish Grand Prix
3
1977 French Grand Prix
6
1977 British Grand Prix
15
1977 German Grand Prix
4
1977 Austrian Grand Prix
4
1977 Dutch Grand Prix
6
1977 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 United States Grand Prix
6
1977 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Japanese Grand Prix
2
4th 42
1978 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312T2 Ferrari Flat-12 1978 Argentine Grand Prix
7
1978 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
3rd 48
Ferrari 312T3 1978 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1978 United States Grand Prix West
1
1978 Monaco Grand Prix
8
1978 Belgian Grand Prix
3
1978 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1978 Swedish Grand Prix
10
1978 French Grand Prix
18
1978 British Grand Prix
1
1978 German Grand Prix
Ret
1978 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1978 Dutch Grand Prix
7
1978 Italian Grand Prix
3
1978 United States Grand Prix
1
1978 Canadian Grand Prix
3
1979 Formula One season Martini Racing Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 79 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1979 Argentine Grand Prix
2
1979 Brazilian Grand Prix
3
1979 South African Grand Prix
5
1979 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1979 Spanish Grand Prix
2
1979 Belgian Grand Prix
4
1979 Monaco Grand Prix
3
1979 French Grand Prix
13
1979 British Grand Prix
8
1979 German Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Italian Grand Prix
7
1979 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1979 United States Grand Prix
Ret
6th 20 (25)
1980 Formula One season Albilad WilliamsF1 WilliamsF1 Williams FW07 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1980 Argentine Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 South African Grand Prix
5
1980 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1980 Belgian Grand Prix
3
1980 Monaco Grand Prix
1
1980 French Grand Prix
6
1980 British Grand Prix
3
1980 German Grand Prix
2
1980 Austrian Grand Prix
3
1980 Dutch Grand Prix
4
1980 Italian Grand Prix
3
1980 Canadian Grand Prix
2
1980 United States Grand Prix
2
3rd 42 (49)
1981 Formula One season Albilad WilliamsF1 WilliamsF1 Williams FW07 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1981 United States Grand Prix West
2
1981 Brazilian Grand Prix
1
1981 Argentine Grand Prix
2
1981 San Marino Grand Prix
3
1981 Belgian Grand Prix
1
1981 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Spanish Grand Prix
4
1981 French Grand Prix
10
1981 British Grand Prix
2
1981 German Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Austrian Grand Prix
5
1981 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Italian Grand Prix
3
1981 Canadian Grand Prix
10
1981 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
8
2nd 49
1982 Formula One season Techniques d'Avant Garde WilliamsF1 WilliamsF1 Williams FW07 Cosworth DFV V8 engine 1982 South African Grand Prix
2
1982 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1982 United States Grand Prix West
1982 San Marino Grand Prix
1982 Belgian Grand Prix
1982 Monaco Grand Prix
1982 Detroit Grand Prix
1982 Canadian Grand Prix
1982 Dutch Grand Prix
1982 British Grand Prix
1982 French Grand Prix
1982 German Grand Prix
1982 Austrian Grand Prix
1982 Swiss Grand Prix
1982 Italian Grand Prix
1982 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
15th 6

Political career


Senator Carlos Reutemann greeting President Néstor Kirchner in a visit to the Casa Rosada in June 2005

After retiring from racing, Reutemann's popularity led the Justicialist Party of the province of Santa Fe Province to invite him to run for governor. He won the election and ran the province for one four-year term (1991–1995). The provincial constitution does not allow for re-election, but after four years Reutemann presented again and won the governorship for the period 1999–2003. During those years, his profile grew and he became one of the leading politicians in Santa Fe and in Argentina. His career was initially sponsored by Carlos Menem, with whose controversial policies Reutemann became associated. To this day he is viewed, and has been criticized by the opposition, as a product of the Right-wing politics, Neoliberalism Menem administration.

Reutemann's second term was marked by the nationwide economic problems brought by the Recession that had started in 1999 and ultimately led to the Argentine economic crisis (1999-2002) of 2001. Under Reutemann, Santa Fe kept a conservative fiscal policy, whereby it applied discounts and froze public workers' salaries and pensions through an Economic Emergency Law. The province was among the few not to resort to the issue of government bonds as a form of quasi-currency, and thus did not become highly indebted. Critics of Reutemann note that these policies led to Santa Fe being short of financial support for productive investment, which in turn caused unemployment, and that they cut funding for important public works, resulting in the dismantling of infrastructure and services. [1] [2]

A flurry of accusations were levelled against Reutemann regarding the killing of several innocent people by the Santa Fe Provincial Police during the December 2001 riots (Argentina), notably the social worker Pocho Lepratti. The end of Reutemann's administration coincided with 2003 Santa Fe flood suffered by the capital Santa Fe, Argentina in April 2003. His government was accused of not heeding warnings regarding the area's flooding hazard and not carrying out the public works needed to prevent it; Reutemann himself was physically assaulted by a group of demonstrators in 2004. [3] [4] [5]

After the 2001 crash and the resignation of Fernando de la Rúa, Reutemann surprised and disappointed many by declining, on several occasions, to run for president. He finally presented himself for the Elections in Argentina, 2003 and won a seat in the Argentine Senate, which he occupies at present, sitting in President Néstor Kirchner's Front for Victory block.

During the Elections in Argentina, 2005 Reutemann chose not to be a major participant in the campaign. After the PJ lost to the Socialist Party (Argentina) candidates for the first time in Santa Fe, members of the party were rumored to be unhappy about Reutemann's low profile. Reutemann also declined to run for governor of Santa Fe again in the Elections in Argentina, 2007. [6]

On January 1 2006 Reutemann was named Commendatore della Repubblica by List of Presidents of the Italian Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi.

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Up until 1990 Formula One season, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see List of Formula One World Championship pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. "Taringa! - Historia del Rally de Argentina". http://www.taringa.net/posts/offtopic/1037774/Historia-del-Rally-de-Argentina.html. 
  3. Reutemann se anota para 2011 - La Nación (in Spanish)

References

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Pablo Brea
Formula Two
1969
Succeeded by
Osvaldo Bessia
Political offices
Preceded by
Víctor Reviglio
Governor of Santa Fe
1991 - 1995
Succeeded by
Jorge Obeid
Preceded by
Jorge Obeid
Governor of Santa Fe
1999 – 2003
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