Clay Regazzoni

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Clay Regazzoni
Regazzoni Clay.jpg
FIA Super Licence Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1970 Formula One season-1980 Formula One season
TeamsFerrari (1970 Formula One season-1972 Formula One season, 1974 Formula One season-1976 Formula One season),
British Racing Motors (1973 Formula One season),
Ensign (racing team) (1977 Formula One season,1980 Formula One season),
Shadow Racing Cars (1978 Formula One season),
WilliamsF1 (1979 Formula One season)
Races139 (132 starts)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions0 (Best: 2nd in 1974 Formula One season)
Wins5
Podiums28
Career points209 (212)[1]
Pole position5
Fastest lap15
First race1970 Dutch Grand Prix
First win1970 Italian Grand Prix
Last win1979 British Grand Prix
Last race1980 United States Grand Prix West
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years1970 24 Hours of Le Mans
TeamsScuderia Ferrari
Best finishdnf (1970 24 Hours of Le Mans)
Class wins0

Gianclaudio Giuseppe "Clay" Regazzoni (September 5, 1939December 15, 2006) was a Switzerland Racing car Driving. He competed in Formula One races from 1970 Formula One season to 1980 Formula One season, winning five Grands Prix. His first win was the 1970 Italian Grand Prix at Autodromo Nazionale Monza in his debut season, driving for Ferrari. He remained with the Italian team until 1972 Formula One season. After a single season with British Racing Motors Regazzoni returned to Ferrari for a further three years, 1974 Formula One season to 1976 Formula One season. After finally leaving Ferrari at the end of 1976, Regazzoni joined the Ensign (racing team) and Shadow Racing Cars teams, before moving to WilliamsF1 in 1979 Formula One season, where he took the British team's first ever Grand Prix victory, the 1979 British Grand Prix at Silverstone Circuit.

He was replaced by Carlos Reutemann at Williams for 1980 Formula One season and moved back to Ensign. Following an accident at the 1980 United States Grand Prix West he was left paralyzed from the waist down, ending his career in Formula One. Regazzoni did not stop racing, however; he competed in the Paris-Dakar rally and 12 Hours of Sebring using a hand controlled car during the late 1980s and early 1990s. In 1996, Regazzoni was refused entry into the World Sportscar Championship by the FIA and became a commentator for Italy TV.

He died in a car accident in Italy on December 15, 2006.

Contents

Personal and early life


Gianclaudio Regazzoni was born in Mendrisio, Switzerland on September 5, 1939 a few days after the start of the World War II. Regazzoni grew up in Porza, in the Cantons of Switzerland of Ticino, part of the Italian language region of Switzerland. He was married to Maria Pia, with whom he had two children: Alessia and Gian Maria.[2]

Racing career


Pre-Formula One

Early racing and Formula Three

Regazzoni first started competing in car races in 1963,[3] at the comparatively late age of 24. Many of his early motorsport experiences were across the border in Italy, Switzerland having banned motor racing following the 1955 Le Mans disaster at the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans race. His first outings were in his own Austin-Healey Sprite, with which he took two podium finishes from only his first three races.[3] This instant success encouraged Regazzoni to move up to a Mini Cooper for the 1964 club racing season.

1965 saw Clay Regazzoni behind the wheel of an open-wheeled car for the first time, as he entered the European Formula Three championship with a Brabham. This first season brought moderate success, and improving form during 1966 (this time driving a De Tomaso) brought him to the attention of ambitious Italian constructor Tecno. Tecno offered Regazzoni the use of one of their F3 chassis for 1967, where his reliable, fast performances earnt him the offer of a works Tecno drive in Formula Two for the following year. Despite this, Regazzoni continued to drive in Formula Three events during 1968 and, not for the last time, was lucky to survive a major accident. Exiting the chicane during the Monaco Grand Prix F3 support race, Regazzoni lost control of his car and collided heavily with the crash barrier. The diminutive size of the F3 machine allowed it to pass under the rail, the sharp metal edge of the armco slicing across the top of the open cockpit. Luckily for him, Regazzoni's survival instincts kicked in and he managed to duck down low enough in the driving seat for the rail to pass above him, missing his head by a tiny margin. The car eventually came to a halt when the Roll hoop, behind Regazzoni's head and significantly lower than the top of his helmet, wedged itself underneath the barrier.[3]

Formula Two

In Formula Two, Regazzoni had found the ideal partner in Tecno. His hard-charging style perfectly matched the forward thinking Tecno ambitions, and Regazzoni quickly developed a reputation as a tough competitor. Regazzoni was implicated in the death of young British driver Chris Lambert at the 1968 F2 Dutch Grand Prix. Some observers accused Regazzoni, who was running well up the field, of deliberately running Lambert's Brabham off the track while lapping him. Lambert lost control and crashed into a bridge. Regazzoni was fully exonerated at the subsequent inquest, although rumours persisted for many years afterward.[3] Lambert's father pursued a private action against Regazzoni, which dragged on for five years before finally being abandoned. Regazzoni remained with Tecno throughout his three years in Formula Two (although he drove most of the 1969 season for the Ferrari Formula Two team.[2]) and in 1970 they took the Formula Two together.

Sports car racing

As well as single seater racing, Regazzoni participated in Sports car racing, including the 1970 24 Hours of Le Mans where he and Arturo Merzario raced a Ferrari 512S. However, the pair retired after completing only 38 laps. This would prove to be Regazzoni's only appearance at the 24 Hours of Le Mans, although he did test for the 1972 event.

For the following two years Regazzoni was a permanent fixture in Ferrari's sports car racing squad. With the new 312B-based 312P cars underneath him, Regazzoni regularly ran at or near the front of the field. Regularly partnered with Jacky Ickx, the pairing took second place in the BOAC 1000 km at Brands Hatch in 1971, and won the first heat during the Imola 500 km. Regazzoni also won the Kyalami 9 Hours race, this time in partnership with Brian Redman. Further successes followed in 1972, with second places at the 1000 km Buenos Aires, partnered again by Redman, and prestigious Spa 1000 km race. The high point of the season came when the Regazzoni/Ickx partnership won the Monza 1000 km race.[4]

With his departure from Ferrari during 1973, Regazzoni's sports car results dried up. His uncompetitive Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 was thoroughly outclassed by the Ferrari and Matra opposition. At the end of 1973 Ferrari withdrew from sports car racing, and Regazzoni's move to rejoin the Ferrari Formula One team in 1974 effectively ended his sports car career, as he could not then race for other manufacturers.

Formula One

1970-1972: Ferrari

Main article: Scuderia Ferrari

During the early races of the 1970 Formula One season Ferrari only entered one car, for Belgium Jacky Ickx, but at the fourth round in 1970 Belgian Grand Prix, the team decided to run a second car to try out some younger drivers. Italy Ignazio Giunti was given the second seat in Belgium, where he finished fourth, while Regazzoni took his place at the following round in 1970 Dutch Grand Prix, also finishing fourth. Giunti was back in the seat for the following Grand Prix in 1970 French Grand Prix, but finished fourteenth, three laps behind the winner and eventual 1970 World Champion Jochen Rindt.

Regazzoni was back in the Ferrari for the 1970 British Grand Prix, where he finished fourth again, but this time Regazzoni kept the race seat. Four podium finishes followed for Regazzoni during the final six rounds of the 1970 season, including a win at 1970 Italian Grand Prix, Ferrari's home race. However, the race was overshadowed by the death of Championship leader Rindt, during qualifying for the race. A first pole position, at the final round in 1970 Mexican Grand Prix, capped a hugely successful first season in the top formula. Regazzoni finished third in the Drivers' Championship with 33 points, 12  points behind posthumous World Champion Rindt.

Following the death of Giunti at a sports car event during the winter of 1970, Ferrari opted for Ickx and Regazzoni for the 1971 Formula One season.[5] Prior to the start of the European legs of the Formula One World Championship, Regazzoni won the prestigious Race of Champions (Brands Hatch) at Brands Hatch, beating Jackie Stewart into second place. Despite this early promise, the Ferrari 312B and B2 proved to be inferior to the Stewart/Tyrrell 003 combination. Regazzoni only managed three podium finishes during the season, as well a pole position at the 1971 British Grand Prix. The Swiss finished 7th in the Drivers' Championship that year, 49 points behind World Champion Jackie Stewart.

Further disappointment for Regazzoni followed in 1972 Formula One season, with only a single podium finish, in 1972 German Grand Prix, although he did score two points more than the previous season. Regazzoni again finished 7th in the Drivers' Championship, 46 points behind World Champion Emerson Fittipaldi.

1973: BRM

Main article: British Racing Motors

Regazzoni opted to leave Ferrari in 1973 Formula One season, in favour of Marlboro (cigarette)-sponsored BRM for what was reported as "an astronomical fee".[2] Here he joined young driver Niki Lauda, and the two became firm friends. Once again Regazzoni narrowly cheated death, after a huge crash during the 1973 South African Grand Prix. He was pulled from the blazing wreckage by Mike Hailwood, who was later awarded the George Medal for his heroism in saving Regazzoni's life.[6] It proved to be an unsuccessful year for Regazzoni, despite a shock pole position in the 1973 Argentine Grand Prix season opener. He was reported to have become disillusioned with "uncompetitive machinery" as he scored just two points during the entire season, his worst points haul from a full season in Formula One.[2] He achieved a lowly 17th place in the championship.

1974-1976: Back to Ferrari

Ferrari had a big personnel shake-up at the start of 1974 Formula One season, after Luca di Montezemolo was hired to run the Italian team. Both Regazzoni and, on Reggazoni's recommendation, Lauda were picked up by Ferrari. Regazzoni was soon back on the podium. Seven podium finishes, including a win in 1974 German Grand Prix, his first since his debut season win at Monza fours years earlier, as well as a pole position at 1974 Belgian Grand Prix allowed Reggazoni to outscore the up and coming Lauda. Entering the last race of the season, in the 1974 United States Grand Prix Regazzoni was well in contention for the title, and only needed to finish ahead of rival, Emerson Fittipaldi, to take the crown. Regazzoni suffered handling problems during the race due to a defective Shock absorber and could finish only 11th after two pit stops.[7] He finished second in the Drivers' Championship, his career best, just three points behind Fittipaldi. Had Ferrari imposed team orders in his favour, Regazzoni would have taken the title that year.

Ferrari retained Lauda and Regazzoni's services for 1975 Formula One season and the pair took six victories between them: five for Lauda, and one for Regazzoni at the 1975 Italian Grand Prix. Regazzoni also won his home Grand Prix, the non-championship 1975 Swiss Grand Prix, the only Swiss driver to have done so. Ferrari secured the Constructors' Championship, and Lauda won the first of his three World titles. Regazzoni finished fifth in the Drivers' Championship with 39.5 points, the half point coming at the 1975 Austrian Grand Prix, at which only half the race distance was completed due to heavy rain.

Regazzoni driving the Ferrari 312T at the Nürburgring in 1976.

1976 Formula One season would prove to be the start of Regazzoni's downward slide in Formula One. Despite winning from pole position at 1976 United States Grand Prix West, and a further three podium finishes, Ferrari replaced the Swiss with Argentina Carlos Reutemann. The Argentine never got on with Lauda as well as Regazzoni did.[8]When he left Ferrari, Regazzoni was the longest serving Ferrari driver.

1977: Ensign

Main article: Ensign (racing team)

Following his release from Ferrari, Regazzoni opted for a move to the Ensign team. His move to such a small team surprised some, but Regazzoni opted for the small outfit in preference to an offer from Bernie Ecclestone to driver for Brabham, as he preferred "to race with nice people".[9] His season with Ensign, despite managing a points finish on his debut in 1977 Argentine Grand Prix, was not successful. Regazzoni finished in the points only a further two times, and ended the season with a total of five points. In May Regazzoni practiced for the Indianapolis 500 driving a McLaren-Offenhauser for Theodore Racing. He did not compete after crashing in practice.

1978: Shadow

Main article: Shadow Racing Cars

Regazzoni moved to Shadow in 1978 Formula One season, as a replacement for Alan Jones (Formula 1) who had left to join WilliamsF1. Only two points scoring finishes followed for Regazzoni and he finished the season 16th in the Drivers' Championship, 60 points behind World Champion Mario Andretti.

1979: Williams

Main article: WilliamsF1
Regazzoni's WilliamsF1 Williams FW07 from 1979 Formula One season.

Frank Williams gave Regazzoni his final drive in a competitive car alongside Alan Jones. The Williams FW07 proved to be very competitive, especially in the final part of the season, with FW07s winning all but two of the final six races of the 1979 Formula One season. Significantly though, the first win was for Regazzoni, at 1979 British Grand Prix; the first of over 100 victories for the Williams Grand Prix team. In deference to the team's Saudi sponsors, he celebrated with orange juice.[6] However, despite his achievement, once again he was replaced by Carlos Reutemann at the end of the season. At the 1979 Italian Grand Prix, motor sport journalist Nigel Roebuck asked Regazzoni why he continued to drive at the age of 40, with no prospect of a competitive seat. Regazzoni replied, "I love [Formula One], and most of all I love to drive racing cars. So why should I stop when I feel this way?". [10] At the end of the year he was invited to compete in the IROC VII, the last active Formula One driver, alongside Mario Andretti, to do so.[11]

1980: Back with Ensign

Lacking an offer for a competitive drive in 1980 Formula One season, Regazzoni re-joined Ensign. His season came to an abrupt end only four races into the year. He crashed during the 1980 United States Grand Prix West, held at Long Beach, California, when the brake pedal of his Ensign failed at the end of a long, high-speed straight travelling at approximately 280 km/h. Ricardo Zuniño's retired Brabham was parked in the escape road. Regazzoni later recalled, "I hit [Zuniño's car], then bounced into the barrier. For about 10 minutes I lost consciousness. Then I remember terrible pain in my hips...".[10] The crash left Regazzoni paralyzed from the waist down, ending his competitive career. On recovery, Regazzoni sued the race organisers, claiming their safety procedures were sub-standard. The race organisers won the case.[5]

After Formula One

After this accident, Regazzoni became known for his activities in helping disabled people get equal opportunities in life and society. Despite his disability, Regazzoni was determined to live as full a life as possible and his rehabilitation became an inspirational story.

Regazzoni won back his racing license and became one of the first disabled persons to participate in high-level motor sports. Although his injuries made an F1 return impossible, Regazzoni raced with some success in rally raids (e.g. the Dakar Rally) and sportscars (e.g. the 12 Hours of Sebring). These achievements paved the way for the wider acceptance of disabled persons in motoring and motorsports. Regazzoni's last competitive race was in 1990, although he was occasionally offered test drives in racing cars during the 1990s. In 1994, he returned to the Long Beach Grand Prix (at that point an IndyCar race) to compete as a Pro in the Toyota Pro/Celebrity Race.

Regazzoni after his serious accident.

An account of his life can be found in his autobiography È questione di cuore ("It's a Matter of Heart") published in the mid-1980s. His post-Formula One career occasionally saw him as a commentator for Swiss and Italian television.

In later years he became highly scathing with regard to the contemporary attitudes and racing within Formula One. He is reported to have remarked that "it concerns only the money, and no longer the sport", attitudes completely at odds to Regazzoni's own. He once commented to Niki Lauda, at the time his team mate and junior by ten years, that "if you block cars and drive like a woman, you will never become great".[12]

Death


On December 15 2006, Regazzoni was killed when the Chrysler Voyager he was driving hit the rear of a lorry on the Italian A1 motorway, near Parma.[13] Crash investigators estimate that he was travelling at approximately 100 km/h at the time[14] and, despite early speculation, an autopsy specifically excluded a Myocardial infarction from being responsible for Regazzoni's loss of control.[15] His funeral was held on 23 December, in Lugano, and was attended by Jackie Stewart, Emerson Fittipaldi and Niki Lauda,[16], among many luminaries from the Formula One world.

Complete Formula One World Championship results

(F1 driver results legend 2) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WDC Points[1]
1970 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 312B Ferrari Flat-12 1970 South African Grand Prix
1970 Spanish Grand Prix
1970 Monaco Grand Prix
1970 Belgian Grand Prix
1970 Dutch Grand Prix
4
1970 French Grand Prix
1970 British Grand Prix
4
1970 German Grand Prix
Ret
1970 Austrian Grand Prix
2
1970 Italian Grand Prix
1
1970 Canadian Grand Prix
2
1970 United States Grand Prix
13
1970 Mexican Grand Prix
2
3rd 33
1971 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 312B Ferrari Flat-12 1971 South African Grand Prix
3
1971 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
7th 13
Ferrari 312B2 1971 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1971 Dutch Grand Prix
3
1971 French Grand Prix
Ret
1971 British Grand Prix
Ret
1971 German Grand Prix
3
1971 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1971 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1971 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1971 United States Grand Prix
6
1972 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 312B2 Ferrari Flat-12 1972 Argentine Grand Prix
4
1972 South African Grand Prix
12
1972 Spanish Grand Prix
3
1972 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1972 French Grand Prix
1972 British Grand Prix
1972 German Grand Prix
2
1972 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Canadian Grand Prix
5
1972 United States Grand Prix
8
7th 15
1973 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) BRM British Racing Motors BRM P160 British Racing Motors V12 1973 Argentine Grand Prix
7
1973 Brazilian Grand Prix
6
1973 South African Grand Prix
Ret
17th 2
British Racing Motors BRM P160 1973 Spanish Grand Prix
9
1973 Belgian Grand Prix
10
1973 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Swedish Grand Prix
9
1973 French Grand Prix
12
1973 British Grand Prix
7
1973 Dutch Grand Prix
8
1973 German Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Austrian Grand Prix
6
1973 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1973 Canadian Grand Prix
1973 United States Grand Prix
8
1974 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 312B3 Ferrari Flat-12 1974 Argentine Grand Prix
3
1974 Brazilian Grand Prix
2
1974 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Spanish Grand Prix
2
1974 Belgian Grand Prix
4
1974 Monaco Grand Prix
4
1974 Swedish Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Dutch Grand Prix
2
1974 French Grand Prix
3
1974 British Grand Prix
4
1974 German Grand Prix
1
1974 Austrian Grand Prix
5
1974 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1974 Canadian Grand Prix
2
1974 United States Grand Prix
11
2nd 52
1975 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 312B3 Ferrari Flat-12 1975 Argentine Grand Prix
4
1975 Brazilian Grand Prix
4
5th 25
Ferrari 312T 1975 South African Grand Prix
16
1975 Spanish Grand Prix
NC
1975 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1975 Belgian Grand Prix
5
1975 Swedish Grand Prix
3
1975 Dutch Grand Prix
3
1975 French Grand Prix
Ret
1975 British Grand Prix
13
1975 German Grand Prix
Ret
1975 Austrian Grand Prix
7
1975 Italian Grand Prix
1
1975 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 312T Ferrari Flat-12 1976 Brazilian Grand Prix
7
1976 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1976 United States Grand Prix West
1
5th 31
Ferrari 312T2 1976 Spanish Grand Prix
11
1976 Belgian Grand Prix
2
1976 Monaco Grand Prix
14
1976 Swedish Grand Prix
6
1976 French Grand Prix
Ret
1976 British Grand Prix
Ret
1976 German Grand Prix
9
1976 Austrian Grand Prix
1976 Dutch Grand Prix
2
1976 Italian Grand Prix
2
1976 Canadian Grand Prix
6
1976 United States Grand Prix
7
1976 Japanese Grand Prix
5
1977 Formula One season Tissot Ensign (racing team) Ensign (racing team) Ensign N177 Cosworth DFV V8 1977 Argentine Grand Prix
6
1977 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 South African Grand Prix
9
1977 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1977 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Monaco Grand Prix
DNQ
1977 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Swedish Grand Prix
7
1977 French Grand Prix
7
1977 British Grand Prix
DNQ
1977 German Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Italian Grand Prix
5
1977 United States Grand Prix
5
1977 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Japanese Grand Prix
Ret
17th 5
1978 Formula One season Shadow Racing Cars Shadow Racing Cars Shadow DN8 Cosworth DFV V8 1978 Argentine Grand Prix
15
1978 Brazilian Grand Prix
5
1978 South African Grand Prix
DNQ
1978 United States Grand Prix West
10
16th 4
Shadow Racing Cars Shadow DN9 1978 Monaco Grand Prix
DNQ
1978 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1978 Spanish Grand Prix
15
1978 Swedish Grand Prix
5
1978 French Grand Prix
Ret
1978 British Grand Prix
Ret
1978 German Grand Prix
DNQ
1978 Austrian Grand Prix
NC
1978 Dutch Grand Prix
DNQ
1978 Italian Grand Prix
NC
1978 United States Grand Prix
14
1978 Canadian Grand Prix
DNQ
1979 Formula One season WilliamsF1 WilliamsF1 Williams FW06 Cosworth DFV V8 1979 Argentine Grand Prix
10
1979 Brazilian Grand Prix
15
1979 South African Grand Prix
9
1979 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
5th 29 (32)
WilliamsF1 Williams FW07 1979 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Monaco Grand Prix
2
1979 French Grand Prix
6
1979 British Grand Prix
1
1979 German Grand Prix
2
1979 Austrian Grand Prix
5
1979 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Italian Grand Prix
3
1979 Canadian Grand Prix
3
1979 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Formula One season Unipart Ensign (racing team) Ensign (racing team) Ensign N180 Cosworth DFV V8 1980 Argentine Grand Prix
NC
1980 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 South African Grand Prix
9
1980 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1980 Belgian Grand Prix
1980 Monaco Grand Prix
1980 French Grand Prix
1980 British Grand Prix
1980 German Grand Prix
1980 Austrian Grand Prix
1980 Dutch Grand Prix
1980 Italian Grand Prix
1980 Canadian Grand Prix
1980 United States Grand Prix
NC 0
Awards
Preceded by
Flag of Switzerland Werner Dössegger
Swiss Sportspersonality of the year
1974
Succeeded by
Flag of Switzerland Rolf Bernhard
Sporting achievements
Preceded by
Flag of France Johnny Servoz-Gavin
Formula Two
Formula Two

1970
Succeeded by
Flag of Sweden Ronnie Peterson
Preceded by
Flag of the United Kingdom Jackie Stewart
Race of Champions (Brands Hatch)
1971
Succeeded by
Flag of Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi

References

Bibliography

  • Regazzoni, C. (1982). È questione di cuore. Sperling & Kupfer. ISBN 978-8820002138. 
  • Gill, Barrie (1976). "The World Championship 1975". John Player & Sons Motorsport yearbook 1976. Queen Anne Press Ltd.. ISBN 0-362-00254-1. 
  • Roebuck, Nigel (1986). Grand Prix Greats. Book Club Associates. p. 140. ISBN 0-85059-792-7. 
  • David Tremayne. "Chapter 19 - A Moment Of Desperate Sadness". The Lost Generation. Haynes Publishing. p. 239. ISBN 1-84425-205-1. 

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Up until 1990 Formula One season, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see List of Formula One World Championship pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Gill (1976) pp.300-301
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Obituary - Clay Regazzoni". The Independent. 2006-12-18. http://news.independent.co.uk/people/obituaries/article2083879.ece. Retrieved on 2007-01-17. 
  4. Cruickshank, Gordon (November 2006). "Ferrari 312PB". Motorsport LXXXII: 43 - 50. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Clay Regazzoni www.grandprix.com Retrieved 1 March 2007.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Obituary - Clay Regazzoni". Telegraph.co.uk. 2006-12-18. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?view=DETAILS&grid=&xml=/news/2006/12/18/db1802.xml. Retrieved on 2007-01-17. 
  7. 1974 United States Grand Prix www.gpracing.net192.com Retrieved 1 March 2007
  8. David Tremayne. "Chapter 19 - A Moment Of Desperate Sadness". The Lost Generation. Haynes Publishing. p. 239. ISBN 1-84425-205-1. 
  9. "Nigel Roebuck on Clay Regazzoni". Autosport.com. 2006-12-15. http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/56037. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.  Ecclestone had reduced the value of an earlier salary offer after learning that Regazzoni had been dropped by Ferrari.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Roebuck, Nigel Grand Prix Greats (1986) p.140. Book Club Associates ISBN 0-85059-792-7
  11. Martin Brundle competed in 1990, but did not compete in Formula One that year.
  12. "Mein letzter Besuch bei einem Freund". Blick online. 2006-12-17. http://www.blick.ch/sport/formel1/regazzoni/artikel51760. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. 
  13. "Regazzoni killed in road accident". BBC News. 2006-12-15. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/motorsport/formula_one/6184347.stm. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. 
  14. "In Clays Sarg liegt eine gelbe Rose". Blick online. 2006-12-17. http://www.blick.ch/sport/formel1/regazzoni/artikel51757. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. 
  15. "Clay Regazzoni (67†) hatte keinen Herzinfarkt". Blick online. 2006-12-20. http://www.blick.ch/sport/formel1/regazzoni/artikel51986. Retrieved on 2007-01-15. 
  16. "Funeral for Regazzoni". Theprancinghorse.co.uk. 2006-12-23. http://www.theprancinghorse.co.uk/news/12_dec/2006/18.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-16. 
  • Formula One world championship results are taken from the Official Formula One website archive of results at www.formula1.com.
  • Formula One non-championship results are taken from the Formula One archives at www.silhouet.com
  • Formula Two championship results are taken from the Le Mans and Formula Two Register at www.formula2.net.
  • World Sportscar Championship results are taken from wspr-racing.com

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