Dan Gurney

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Dan Gurney
GurneyDan1965.jpg
FIA Super Licence Flag of the United States United States
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1959 Formula One season - 1968 Formula One season, 1970 Formula One season
TeamsFerrari, BRM, Porsche in Formula One, Team Lotus, Brabham, All American Racers, Team McLaren
Races87 (86 starts)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions0
Wins4
Podiums19
Career points133
Pole position3
Fastest lap6
First race1959 French Grand Prix
First win1962 French Grand Prix
Last win1967 Belgian Grand Prix
Last race1970 British Grand Prix
Gurney at the 2008 Rolex 24 Hours of Daytona.

Daniel Sexton Gurney (born April 13, 1931) is an American racing driver, race car constructor, and team owner.

The son of a Metropolitan Opera star,[1] he was born in Port Jefferson, New York, but moved to California as a teenager. He has been a driver, a car manufacturer, and a team owner at racing's highest levels since 1958.

Gurney also won races in the Champcars, NASCAR, Can-Am, and Trans-Am Series. Gurney is the first driver to win races in Formula One (1962), NASCAR (1963), and Indy Car (1967). The other two are Mario Andretti and Juan Pablo Montoya. In 1967, after winning the 24 hours of Le Mans together with A.J. Foyt, he spontaneously sprayed Champagne (wine) while celebrating on the podium. Apart from starting this tradition, he also was the first to put a simple extension on the upper end of the rear wing. This device, called a Gurney flap, increases downforce and, if well designed, imposes only a relatively small increase in the drag.

Contents

Early life


Dan Gurney's father, John Gurney, was a prominent singer with the Metropolitan Opera in New York who retired in 1947 and moved the family to Riverside, California when Dan was a teenager. Young Dan quickly became caught up in the California hot rod culture. At age 19, he built and raced a car that went 138 Miles per hour (mph) (222 Kilometres per hour [km/h]) at the Bonneville Speedway. He then became an amateur Drag racing and Sports car racing. He served in the United States Army during the Korean War.[2]

Formula One Career


Driver

After driving a Ferrari at Le Mans in 1958, Gurney was invited to take a test run in a works Ferrari, and his Formula One career began with the team in 1959. In just four races that first year, he earned two podium finishes, but the team's strict management style did not suit him. In 1960 he had six non-finishes in seven races behind the wheel of a privately-entered BRM. At one race, the Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort, a brake system failure on the poorly-prepared BRM caused the most serious accident of his career (and a longstanding distrust of engineers), killing a spectator. The accident caused him to make a change in his driving style that later paid dividends: his tendency to use his brakes more sparingly than his rivals meant that they lasted longer, especially in endurance races.

Gurney was particularly noted for an exceptionally fluid driving style. On rare occasions, as when his car fell behind with minor mechanical troubles and he felt he had nothing to lose, he would abandon his classic technique and adopt a more aggressive (and riskier) style. This circumstance produced what many observers consider the finest driving performance of his career, when a punctured tire put him nearly two laps down halfway through the 1967 Rex Mays 300 Indianapolis-car race at Riverside International Raceway. He produced an inspired effort, made up the deficit and won the race (with a dramatic last-lap pass of runnerup Bobby Unser).

After rules changes came in effect in 1961 Formula One season, he teamed with Jo Bonnier for the first full season of the factory Porsche in Formula One team, scoring three second places. After Porsche introduced a better car in 1962 Formula One season with an 8 cylinder engine, Gurney broke through at the 1962 French Grand Prix at Rouen-Les-Essarts with his first World Championship victory - the only GP win for Porsche as an F1 constructor. One week later, he repeated the success in a non-Championship F1 race in front of Porsche's home crowd at Stuttgart's Castle Solitude race track. Due to the high costs of racing in F1, Porsche in Formula One did not continue after the 1962 season, though. While with Porsche, Gurney met a team public relations executive named Evi Butz, and they married several years later.

Gurney was the first driver hired by Jack Brabham to drive with him for the Brabham. While Brabham himself scored the maiden victory for his car at the 1963 Solitude race, it was Gurney again who took the team's first win in a championship race, in 1964, again at Rouen. In all, he earned two wins (in 1964) and ten podiums (including five consecutive in 1965) for Brabham before leaving to start his own team.

Manufacturer

An Eagle T2G, the USAC variant of the first Eagle chassis. Almost identical to its Formula One sister model the Eagle Mk1.

In 1962, Gurney and Carroll Shelby began dreaming of building an American racing car to compete with the best European makes. Shelby convinced Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, who wanted to challenge Firestone Tire and Rubber Company's domination of American racing at the time, to sponsor the team, and Goodyear's president Victor Holt suggested the name, "All American Racers", and the team was formed in 1965. Gurney was not comfortable with the name at first, fearing it sounded somewhat jingoistic, but felt compelled to agree to his benefactor's suggestion.

Their initial focus was Indianapolis 500 and Goodyear's battle with Firestone, but Gurney's first love was road racing, especially in Europe, and he wanted to win the Formula One World Championship while driving an American Grand Prix 'Eagle'. Partnered with British engine maker Weslake, the Formula One effort was called "Anglo American Racers." The Weslake V12 engine was not ready for the 1966 Grand Prix season, so the team used outdated four-cylinder 2.7-liter Coventry-Climax engines and made their first appearance in the second race of the year in Belgium. This was the race of the sudden torrential downpour captured in the feature film Grand Prix (film), and although Gurney completed the race in seventh place, he was judged too far back to be classified as a finisher. Gurney scored the team's first Championship points by finishing fifth in the French Grand Prix at Reims.

The next season, the team failed to finish any of the first three races, but on June 18, 1967, Gurney took a historic victory in the Belgian Grand Prix. Starting in the middle of the first row, Gurney initially followed Jim Clark's Team Lotus and the BRM of Jackie Stewart. A muffed start left Gurney deep in the field at the end of the first lap. Clark encountered problems on Lap 12 that dropped him down to ninth position. Having moved up to second spot, Gurney set the fastest lap of the race on Lap 19. Two laps later, he and his Eagle took the lead and came home over a minute ahead of Stewart.

This win came just a week after his surprise victory with A.J. Foyt at 24 hours of Le Mans, where Gurney spontaneously began the now-familiar winner's tradition of spraying Champagne (wine) from the podium to celebrate the unexpected win against the other Ford GT40 teams. Gurney admitted later that he took great satisfaction in proving wrong the critics who predicted the two great drivers, normally rivals, would break their car in an effort to show each other up.

Unfortunately, the victory in Belgium was the high point for AAR as engine problems continued to plague the Eagle. Despite the antiquated engine tooling used by the Weslake factory (dating from World War I), failures rarely stemmed from the engine design itself, but more often from unreliable peripheral systems like fuel pumps, fuel injection and the oil delivery system. He led the 1967 German GP at the Nürburgring when a driveshaft failed two laps from the end with a 42-second lead in hand. After a third place finish in Canadian Grand Prix that year, the car would finish only one more race. By the end of the 1968 season, Gurney was driving a Team McLaren-Ford Motor Company. His last Formula One race was the 1970 British Grand Prix.

Complete F1 World Championship Results


(F1 driver results legend 2) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 WDC Pts
1959 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari 1959 Monaco Grand Prix
1959 Indianapolis 500
1959 Dutch Grand Prix
1959 French Grand Prix
Ret
1959 British Grand Prix
1959 German Grand Prix
2
1959 Portuguese Grand Prix
3
1959 Italian Grand Prix
4
1959 United States Grand Prix
7th 13
1960 Formula One season British Racing Motors British Racing Motors BRM P48 British Racing Motors 1960 Argentine Grand Prix
1960 Monaco Grand Prix
NC
1960 Indianapolis 500
1960 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1960 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1960 French Grand Prix
Ret
1960 British Grand Prix
10
1960 Portuguese Grand Prix
Ret
1960 Italian Grand Prix
1960 United States Grand Prix
Ret
NC 0
1961 Formula One season Porsche in Formula One Porsche in Formula One Porsche 718 Porsche in Formula One 1961 Monaco Grand Prix
5
1961 Belgian Grand Prix
6
1961 French Grand Prix
2
1961 British Grand Prix
7
1961 German Grand Prix
7
1961 United States Grand Prix
2
4th 21
Porsche in Formula One Porsche 787 Porsche in Formula One 1961 Dutch Grand Prix
10
1961 Italian Grand Prix
2
1962 Formula One season Porsche in Formula One Porsche in Formula One Porsche 804 Porsche in Formula One 1962 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1962 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1962 French Grand Prix
1
1962 British Grand Prix
9
1962 German Grand Prix
3
1962 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1962 United States Grand Prix
5
1962 South African Grand Prix
5th 15
Wolfgang Seidel Team Lotus Lotus 24 British Racing Motors Belgian Grand Prix
DNS
1963 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT7 Coventry Climax 1963 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1963 Belgian Grand Prix
3
1963 Dutch Grand Prix
2
1963 French Grand Prix
5
1963 British Grand Prix
Ret
1963 German Grand Prix
Ret
1963 Italian Grand Prix
14
1963 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1963 Mexican Grand Prix
6
1963 South African Grand Prix
2
5th 19
1964 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT7 Coventry Climax 1964 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1964 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1964 Belgian Grand Prix
6
1964 French Grand Prix
1
1964 British Grand Prix
13
1964 German Grand Prix
10
1964 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1964 Italian Grand Prix
10
1964 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1964 Mexican Grand Prix
1
6th 19
1965 Formula One season Brabham Brabham Brabham BT11 Coventry Climax 1965 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1965 Monaco Grand Prix
1965 Belgian Grand Prix
10
1965 French Grand Prix
Ret
1965 British Grand Prix
6
1965 Dutch Grand Prix
3
1965 German Grand Prix
3
1965 Italian Grand Prix
3
1965 United States Grand Prix
2
1965 Mexican Grand Prix
2
4th 25
1966 Formula One season Anglo American Racers Anglo American Racers Eagle Mk1 Coventry Climax 1966 Monaco Grand Prix
1966 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1966 French Grand Prix
5
1966 British Grand Prix
Ret
1966 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1966 German Grand Prix
7
1966 Mexican Grand Prix
5
12th 4
Weslake 1966 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1966 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1967 Formula One season Anglo American Racers Anglo American Racers Eagle Mk1 Weslake 1967 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1967 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1967 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1967 Belgian Grand Prix
1
1967 French Grand Prix
Ret
1967 British Grand Prix
Ret
1967 German Grand Prix
Ret
1967 Canadian Grand Prix
3
1967 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1967 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1967 Mexican Grand Prix
Ret
8th 13
1968 Formula One season Anglo American Racers Anglo American Racers Eagle Mk1 Weslake 1968 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1968 Spanish Grand Prix
1968 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1968 Belgian Grand Prix
1968 French Grand Prix
1968 British Grand Prix
Ret
1968 German Grand Prix
9
1968 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
21st 3
McLaren McLaren M7A Cosworth DFV 1968 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1968 United States Grand Prix
4
1968 Mexican Grand Prix
Ret
Brabham Brabham Brabham BT24 Repco 1968 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1970 Formula One season McLaren McLaren McLaren M14A Cosworth DFV 1970 South African Grand Prix
1970 Spanish Grand Prix
1970 Monaco Grand Prix
1970 Belgian Grand Prix
1970 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1970 French Grand Prix
6
1970 British Grand Prix
Ret
1970 German Grand Prix
1970 Austrian Grand Prix
1970 Italian Grand Prix
1970 Canadian Grand Prix
1970 United States Grand Prix
1970 Mexican Grand Prix
24th 1

Legacy

Among American drivers, his 86 Grand Prix starts ranks third, and his total of four GP wins is second only to Mario Andretti. Perhaps the greatest tribute to Gurney's driving ability, however, was paid by the father of Scottish World Champion Jim Clark (racing driver) when he took Gurney aside at his son's funeral in 1968 and told Gurney that he was the only driver Clark had ever feared on the track. (Horton, 1999).

American Championship Car

While competing in Formula One, Gurney also raced each year in the Indianapolis 500 from 1962-1970. The last 3 years, he finished 2nd, 2nd, and 3rd, respectively. In 1969, he did not race in Formula One, instead racing in the United States Automobile Club Championship Car series and also in CanAm. He started a total of 28 Champ Car races, winning 7 times among his 18 top tens. In 1969, he finished 4th in total points, despite starting half the races of most top drivers. In 1968, he finished 7th with only 5 starts.

Indy 500 results

Year Chassis Engine Start Finish
1962 Indianapolis 500 Thompson Buick 8th 20th
1963 Indianapolis 500 Team Lotus Ford 12th 7th
1964 Indianapolis 500 Team Lotus Ford 6th 17th
1965 Indianapolis 500 Team Lotus Ford 3rd 26th
1966 Indianapolis 500 Eagle Ford 19th 27th
1967 Indianapolis 500 Eagle Ford 2nd 21st
1968 Indianapolis 500 Eagle Ford 10th 2nd
1969 Indianapolis 500 Eagle Ford 10th 2nd
1970 Indianapolis 500 Eagle Offy 11th 3rd

NASCAR career

Dan Gurney
1963 Riverside car
BornApril 13, 1931 (1931-04-13) (age 86)
HometownFlag of the United States Port Jefferson, New York
NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Statistics
16 races run over 10 years
Best Cup PositionUnranked
First Race1962 in NASCAR Daytona Qualifier (Daytona International Speedway)
Last Race1980 in NASCAR Winston Western 500 (Riverside International Raceway)
First Win1963 in NASCAR Riverside 500 (Riverside International Raceway)
Last Win1968 in NASCAR Motor Trend 500 (Riverside International Raceway)
Wins Top Tens Pole position
5 8 10

Gurney's first career start was in 1962. Gurney was nearly unbeatable in a NASCAR Grand National car at the old Riverside International Raceway in Riverside, California. Four of his five victories came with the famed Wood Brothers. However, the 1967 race was won by Parnelli Jones, another open wheel and road racing driver making a one time appearance. Gurney's last start came in 1980. Gurney also made numerous appearances in NASCAR Grand American stockcars, a Pony car division that existed between 1968 and 1971.

Full-Time Team Owner

Gurney and his protege Swede Savage drove identical factory-sponsored Plymouth Barracuda in the 1970 Trans-Am Series. Upon his retirement from Formula One, Gurney devoted himself full-time to his role as car maker and team owner. He has been the sole owner, Chairman and CEO of All American Racers since 1970. The team won 78 races (including the Indianapolis 500, the 12 Hours of Sebring, and the 24 Hours of Daytona) and eight championships, while Gurney's Eagle race car customers also won three Indianapolis 500 races and three championships. In 1978, Gurney wrote an open memo to other race car owners with what is now known as the "White Letter" in which Gurney called for a series controlled more by the owners or "actual participants" than under the USAC banner. After much debate, CART was formed with Gurney and other owners like Roger Penske, Pat Patrick, and Bob Fletcher. CART began its first full season of competition in March, 1979 and thus the first split in open wheel racing began.

AAR withdrew from the CART series in 1986, but enjoyed tremendous success with Toyota in the IMSA GTP series, where in 1992 and 1993 Toyota Eagles won 17 consecutive races, back-to-back Drivers' and Manufacturers' Championships, and wins in the endurance classics of Daytona and Sebring. The team returned to CART as the factory Toyota team in 1996, but left again after the 1999 season when Goodyear withdrew from the series and Toyota ended their relationship with the team. In 2000, Dan campaigned a Toyota Atlantic car for his son, Alex Gurney under the AAR banner.

In 1990, Gurney was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame. He is also a member of the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America, the Sebring International Raceway Hall of Fame, and the West Coast Stock Car Hall of Fame.

Trivia

  • He played the catalytic role in bringing together a major American manufacturer - Ford - and European designer and Lotus founder Colin Chapman, resulting in the Lotus-Ford effort at Indianapolis. This followed the earlier Indianapolis 500 entry of Jack Brabham and his Cooper-Climax, and helped usher in the "rear-engine" revolution in American open-wheel racing.
  • In 1971, he won the second Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash, by driving a Ferrari Daytona from New York to Los Angeles in just under 36 hours together with Car and Driver magazine editor Brock Yates. This inspired the series of movies with Burt Reynolds and others.
  • Gurney developed a new kind of motorcycle called Alligator, which features an extremely low seat position.
  • Gurney's unusual height for a race driver caused him constant problems during his career. During the 1.5-liter era of Formula 1, Gurney's head and shoulders extended high into the windstream compared to his shorter competitors, giving him (he felt) an aerodynamic disadvantage in the tiny, underpowered cars. At nearly 6' 3", Gurney struggled to fit into the tight Ford GT40 cockpit, so master fabricator Phil Remington installed a roof bubble over the driver's seat to allow space for Gurney's helmet. In a fortunate error, the Italian coachbuilder which built the body for the 1964 Le Mans class-winning closed-cockpit Cobra Daytona GT coupe driven by Gurney and Bob Bondurant mistakenly made the cockpit "greenhouse" two inches too tall -- the only thing that permitted Gurney to fit in the car comfortably. [3]
  • He is one of only two drivers to win races in the four major motor racing categories: Formula One, IndyCar (USAC), World Sportscar Championship and NASCAR, the other being Mario Andretti.

External links

Notes

  1. [1] All American Racers bio
  2. Biography at the West Coast Stock Car Hall of Fame, 2003, Retrieved November 8 2007
  3. Road & Track July 2005. On the Road: Fast friends and fast cars.

References

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Mike Spence
Race of Champions (Brands Hatch)
1967
Succeeded by
Bruce McLaren
Preceded by
Bruce McLaren
Chris Amon
List of 24 Hours of Le Mans winners
1967 24 Hours of Le Mans with:
A. J. Foyt
Succeeded by
Pedro Rodriguez (racing driver)
Lucien Bianchi
Personal tools