Dino (car)

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Ferrari Dino
Ferrari Dino 246 GTS Spider green.jpg
Production1968–1976
Car classificationSports car
Automobile layoutRMR layout
Internal combustion engineV6
V8

Dino was a brand for MR layout Sports car produced by Ferrari from 1968 to 1976. The Dino brand was meant to be used for cars with engines that had fewer than 12 cylinders, reserving the Ferrari name for the V-12 and flat 12 models. The Dino name was retired after that point, in favour of conventional Ferrari branding. The Dino brand was an attempt by Ferrari to produce a relatively low cost sports car by using components from other vehicles.

The Dino models used Ferrari racing naming designation of displacement and cylinder count with two digits for the size of the engine in deciliters and the third digit to represent the number of cylinders, i.e., 246 being a 2.4 liter 6 cylinder and 308 being a 3.0 liter 8 cylinder. Ferrari street models of the time used a three digit representation of the displacement in cubic centimeters of one of the 12 cylinders which would have been meaningless in a brand with differing numbers of cylinders.

The Dino 246 was the first Ferrari model produced in high numbers. It is lauded by many for its intrinsic driving qualities and groundbreaking design. In 2004, Sports Car International placed the car at number six on its list of Sports Car International Top Sports Cars. Motor Trend placed the 206/246 at number seven in their list of the 10 "Greatest Ferraris of all time".

Contents

History


The name "Dino" honors the founder's late son, Alfredo "Dino" Ferrari, who was credited with the design of the V6 engine. Along with famed engineer, Vittorio Jano, Dino influenced Enzo Ferrari's decision to produce a line of racing cars in the 1950s, with V6 and V8 engine designs. History shows that Alfredo Ferrari did not have a hand in the actual design of the V6 motor that made its way into the Dino.

The "Dino" brand was created to market a lower priced, "affordable" sports car. The first brochure described the Dino as "almost a Ferrari". Ferrari intended to do battle in the marketplace with Porsche and its 911. The more expensive road going Ferrari V12's of the time were no match at their much higher price point. But Enzo did not want to diminish the Ferrari brand with a cheaper car, and so "Dino" was born.

Lorenzo Bandini's Ferrari Dino 166P, 1000km Nürburgring 1965
Derek Bell's Ferrari Dino 166 Formula 2, practice for the Eifelrennen at the Nürburgring, 1969

In addition to being a lower priced, "affordable" sports car, it was a car built in Alfredo's honor after he lost his battle with muscular dystrophy. While in hospital, he discussed technical details with the engineer Vittorio Jano. Dino would never see the engine; he died on June 30, 1956 at the age of only 24, before his namesake automobiles Fiat Dino and Dino were produced.

In 1966 Ferrari wished to race in the 1.6 L class of the Formula 2 racing series with Dino's V6. However, the company could not meet the Homologation rules which called for 500 production vehicles using the engine. Enzo Ferrari asked Fiat to co-produce a sports car using the engine, and the FR layout Fiat Dino was born. It used a 2.0 L (1987 cc) version of the Dino V6, allowing Ferrari to enter the series.

At the time, the thought of using a Mid-engine layout in a production car was quite daring, although the design was common in the world of sports car racing. A mid-engined layout placed more of the car's weight over the driven wheels, and allowed for a streamlined nose, but led to a cramped passenger compartment and more challenging handling. Lamborghini created a stir in 1966 with its mid-engined Lamborghini Miura, but Enzo Ferrari felt that a mid-engine Ferrari would be unsafe in the hands of his customers. Eventually he relented, and allowed designer Sergio Pininfarina to build a mid-engined concept for the 1965 Paris Motor Show, but demanded that it wear the Dino badge alone. The 1966 Turin car show featured a refined Dino 206S. The Turin 206S was a closer prototype to the actual production version. Response to the radically-styled car was positive, so Ferrari allowed it to go into production, rationalizing that the low-power V6 engine would keep his customers out of trouble.

Dino 206 GT
Dino 206 GT
Production1968–1969
152 produced
Internal combustion engine2.0 L V6

Dino 206 GT


The production Dino 206 GT had the soft edges and curving lines typical of earlier Italian cars, unlike its successor, the Bertone designed 308 GT4, which has the straighter lines and crisp edges seen most boldly in Bertone's later Fiat X1/9.

The 206 GT used a Transverse-mounted 2.0 L all-aluminum, 180 hp (134 kW) @ 8000 rpm redline, 65 degree V6 engine, Dual overhead camshafts, 9.7:1 Compression ratio. Torque was 138 pounds*foot @ 6500 rpm. The crankshaft featured four main bearings. Induction was via three Weber 40 DCN/4 2-barrel carburetors.

The 206 GT frame featured a light-weight, 1980 pound, aluminium body, full Independent suspension, and all round Disc brake. The 206 GT had a 90.0-inch (2,290 mm) wheelbase.

The 206 had a top speed of 146 mph (235 km/h).

152 were built in total during 1968 and 1969, all were Right-hand drive (left-hand traffic). (I do not think this is correct. All I can find are LHD cars. Has the photo on this page been revised giving the impression of a RHD car? The alternative explanation is that both LHD and RHD cars were produced, but what is the truth of the matter?)

The same 2.0L engine was used in the Fiat Dino coupe and spyder produced during the period. It was a slightly detuned engine, producing somewhat less horsepower. Later Fiat Dinos also used the 2.4L motor, although significanly fewer were produced with this motor.

Ferrari Dino 246 GT & GTS
Dino 246 GT
Automotive industryFerrari
Parent companyFiat Group
Production1969–1974
3,761 produced
SuccessorFerrari 308
Car classificationSports car
Car body styleBerlinetta
Targa top
Automobile layoutMR layout
Internal combustion engine2.4 L V6
RelatedFiat Dino
Dino 308 GT4 2+2
Dino 308 GT4
Production1973–1976
(branded as Dino)
SuccessorFerrari 208/308 GT4
Car body style2+2 Coupe
Internal combustion engine3.0 L V8
Main article: Ferrari GT4

Dino 246 GT & GTS


Calls for more power were answered with the 2.4 L (2418 cc) Dino 246. The motor was a 65 degree, dual overhead camshaft, 9.0:1 compression ratio, iron block with alloy heads. The European motor produced 195 bhp (at 7,600 rpm), and was available as a fixed-top GT Coupe or, after 1971, an open Spyder GTS. The American version had an exhaust air-pump, and timing changes which created 175 hp (130 kW). The GT had 3 Weber 40 DCNF/6 or 40 DCNF/7 carburetors.

The 246 Dino GT weighed 2380 pounds. The 246 Dino GTS weighed 2426 pounds. The body was now made of steel to save cost. The 246 Dino had a 2.1-inch (53 mm) longer wheelbase than the 206, at 92.1 inches. The height of the 246 was the same as the 206 at 43.9 inches.

Production numbered 2,487 GTs and 1,274 Spyders, the latter being built from 1972 to 1974 only, for a total production run of 3,761.

The 246 had a top speed of 146 mph (235 km/h).

The Dino's 2.4L V6 found its way into a number of other Italian performance cars after its application in the 246, most notably the Lancia Stratos rally car.

Dino 308 GT4

The 308 GT4 was produced from 1973 to April 1980. Initially branded "Dino", the 308 GT4 was Ferrari's first V-8 production automobile.

The 308 had a wheelbase of 100.4 inches (2,550 mm). The 308 was designed by Bertone, looking quite differently from the 206/246 from which it was derived.

The 308 GT4 V-8 had a 90 degree, dual over head camshaft, 2927 cc motor with 4 Weber carburetors which produced 250 hp (186 kW). The V-8 block and heads were made of an aluminum alloy. The compression ratio was 8.8:1. The American version had a timing change and an air-pump which produced a modest 230 hp (172 kW). The GT4 weighed 2535 pounds.

The angular or "wedge-shaped" Bertone-styled 2+2 308 GT4 wore the Dino badge until May 1976, when it finally got the Ferrari "Prancing Horse" badge on the hood, wheels, and the steering wheel.

Future Dino

Spy photos of what is potentially the next-generation Ferrari Dino appeared on an Australian website on the 2nd of April 2008. According to the website, the Dino will be shown off at the Paris Motor Show.It has been confirmed that the new Dino will have around 400 to 500 horsepower (370 kW) and rumours of a top speed of 218 mph (350 km/h).It will be shown at the Paris automotive show in 5 months. There have been spy shots of what seem to be chopped down F430s and 599 Fioranos.

Ferrari continually denied the existence of a new "Dino", and eventually the spied car was revealed to be the new Ferrari California (internally referred to as the F149). [1]

References

  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7. 

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