Ferrari 288 GTO

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Ferrari GTO
Ferrari 288 GTO
ManufacturerFerrari
Parent companyFiat Group
Also calledFerrari 288 GTO
Production1984–1985
277 produced
PredecessorFerrari 250 GTO
SuccessorFerrari F40
ClassSports Car
Body style(s)Berlinetta (coupe)
LayoutRMR layout
Engine(s)2.8 L turbocharged V8
RelatedFerrari 308 GTB

The Ferrari GTO (often referred to as Ferrari 288 GTO) was an exotic homologation (thus the O for Omologazione) version of the Ferrari 308 GTB produced in 1984 through 1986.

Background

The Ferrari GTO was built to compete in the new Group B Race series and a minimum of 200 cars were required for homologation. However as only Ferrari and Porsche, with their 959, entered, the series was soon abandoned leaving just the Group B Rally championship. The Porsche 959 (as the Porsche 961) only raced three times in Group B, but the 288 GTO never raced and all 272 cars built remained purely road cars.

Engine

The GTO was based on the mid-engined, rear wheel drive 308 GTB. The 288 refers to its 2.8 liter V8 engine, though, as it used a de-bored (by 1 mm) V8 with twin IHI turbochargers, intercoolers, and Weber-Marelli fuel injection. The 2855 cc engine capacity was dictated by the FIA's requirement for a Turbocharged engine's capacity to be multiplied by 1.4. This gave the GTO a theoretical engine capacity of 3997 cc, just under the Group B limit of 4.0 litres.

Unlike the 308, the engine was mounted longitudinally, using the 308's rear boot space. The wheelbase was 110 mm (4.3 in) longer at 2450 mm (96.5 in), and the track was widened also. With 400 hp and 366 lb·ft (496 N·m) of torque, the GTO was an impressive performer. 0-60 mph times were in the upper 4 second range and Ferrari claimed 0-125 mph (201 km/h) in 15 seconds flat. Top speed was 189 mph (304 km/h).

Evoluzione

1987 Ferrari 288 GTO Evoluzione.

Ferrari also built five 288 GTO Evoluzione models with more aggressive and aerodynamic body styling and increased power. The engine in the Evoluzione originally put out as much as 650 hp (480 kW). With weight of 940 kg (2,072 lb) the car had top speed of 225 mph (362 km/h).[1] These cars form the clearest visual link between the 288 GTO and the F40, soon to follow.

The GTO was the first in a series of Ferrari high end sports cars, continued with its much-modified version, the 1987 F40. Only three 288 GTO Evos are still in existence while the other two were sacrificed as a development for the legendary F40.

Awards

In 2004, Sports Car International named this car number two on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s, behind its German rival the Porsche 959.

References

  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7. 
  • Ferrari 288 GTO at the Group B Rally Cars.
Preceded by
Lamborghini Countach
Fastest street-legal production car
1984 - 1986
304 km/h (189 mph)
Succeeded by
Porsche 959