From Ferrari Wiki
| Auto racing
|| Formula One
|| Scuderia Ferrari
| Automotive design
|| Mauro Forghieri
| Technical Specifications
|| Aluminium Monocoque
| Suspension (front)
|| Double wishbone suspension, inboard Spring (device)/Shock absorber.
| Suspension (rear)
|| Double wishbone suspension
| Internal combustion engine
|| Ferrari 015 3000Cubic centimetre Flat-12, Naturally aspirated, Mid-engine, Longitudinal engine
| Transmission (mechanics)
|| 5-speed transverse gearbox Manual transmission
|| Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company
| Competition History
| Notable entrants
|| Scuderia Ferrari
| Notable drivers
|| Niki Lauda,|
|| Pole position
|| Fastest lap
| Constructors' Championships
|| 4 (1975 Formula One season,1976 Formula One season,1977 Formula One season,1979 Formula One season)
| Drivers' Championships
|| 3 (Niki Lauda, 1975 Formula One season,1977 Formula One season)|
(Jody Scheckter, 1979 Formula One season)
The Ferrari 312T was a Ferrari Formula One car design, based on the Ferrari 312B3 from 1974. In various versions, it was used from 1975 until 1980. It was designed by Mauro Forghieri for the 1975 Formula One season and was an uncomplicated and clean design, that responded to mechanical upgrades.
The 312T series won 27 races, four constructors' and three drivers' championships, and was replaced for the 1981 Formula One season by the 126 C, Ferrari's first Turbocharger F1 car.
The car was powered by the powerful and ultra reliable Flat-12 Engine which gave around 510bhp, the T in the name stood for 'transverse', as the gearbox was mounted in this way, improving the car's handling characteristics, which had been the downfall of its predecessor.
's 1975 Formula One season
312T on display.
Niki Lauda tested the car extensively during the off season, ready for a full on championship challenge. The hard work paid off, for after a slow start in which Brabham, Tyrrell Racing and McLaren put up strong competition, Lauda won 4 out of 5 races mid season before snatching the title at Autodromo Nazionale Monza by finishing third, whilst Clay Regazzoni's win in that race secured Ferrari its first constructors' championship since 1964. Lauda went on to win the American Grand Prix at season's end, confirming Ferrari's superiority in 1975.
Niki Lauda practicing at the Nürburgring
during the 1976 German Grand Prix
The same drivers, Lauda and Regazzoni, were retained for the 1976 Formula One season. The 312T was used for the first three races of the season (Lauda won the first two and Regazzoni the third), and was then replaced by a modified version, the 312T2. This was effectively the same car, with detail changes to conform to the newly introduced regulations which included the banning of the tall Airbox - instead NACA duct air intakes were placed on the cockpit sides. The 312T2 was if anything, more successful than the 312T. Lauda was comfortably leading the world championship after another 3 wins, when at the 1976 German Grand Prix at Nürburgring he had a massive accident caused by a suspected rear Suspension (vehicle) failure. In the aftermath he nearly burned to death, but was miraculously back racing just 6 weeks later. Lauda conceded the title by just a single point to James Hunt, but the 312T2's superiority helped Ferrari win its second consecutive constructor's title.
Lauda and Carlos Reutemann used the 312T2B to great effect in 1977, for although it was no longer the best car it was good enough to win the driver's championship for Lauda, who won more through the car's reliability than outright speed. He took 3 wins, while Reutemann won once. The constructors' championship was also secured for a third successive season before Lauda walked out on the team before season's end. He was replaced by the fiery Canadian Gilles Villeneuve but he couldn't get a handle on the T2B, as its neutral handling didn't suit his oversteering driving style. The Ferrari 312T2 had a lot of development work done to it, with several different noses tried, many rear wing profiles some especially tailored for specific circuits designed and numerous changes to the suspension and rear bodywork.
Ferrari also created a six-wheeled version dubbed the T6. The car followed in the footsteps of the Tyrrell P34, but instead of four smaller front wheels, the T6 used 4 normal sized rear wheels, with two wheels for each rim. The car was never raced.
Ferrari 312T3 driven by Carlos Reutemann
in 1978 United States Grand Prix
at Watkins Glen International
The 312T3 was introduced for 1978 for Villeneuve and Reutemann. It was much cleaner aerodynamically, and the flat 12 engine was tuned to give around 515bhp. A switch to Michelin tyres meant a redesign of the suspension was necessary. All the hard work came to nothing though as the pioneering Lotus 79 Ground effect in cars "wing car" took on and beat all comers with ease that season, and Ferrari were left to pick up the pieces of any Lotus failures. Reutemann won 4 races, whilst Villeneuve won for the first time at the final race, his home race in Canada, but it was more a season of consolidation. Reutemann moved to Team Lotus for 1979, replaced by Jody Scheckter. Ferrari was only 3rd in the Constructors Championship.
In 1979, a significant amount of progress was made in aerodynamics and to challenge Team Lotus, Forghieri realised he had to follow their lead and design a Ground effect in cars car for 1979. The 312T4, introduced for 1979 was closely based on the 312T3. Its origins placed restrictions on the aerodynamic design since the 312T3 had not been designed with ground effect in mind, and the flat 12 engine was too wide to permit the correct underbody design to optimise the ground effect. It was good enough to win 6 races in 1979, three each for Villeneuve and Scheckter. Other solid placings helped Ferrari win its fourth constructors' championship in 5 seasons and Scheckter his only drivers' championship.
The 1980 Formula One season saw further aerodynamic progress by Cosworth DFV teams, and a heavily-updated version of the 312T4, the 312T5 was introduced. As with the previous season, Ferrari was totally outclassed as their wide 312 "Boxer" engine did not suit the aerodynamic needs. The car was unreliable, slow and wasn't very effective against the competition. For the first time since 1973 Formula One season, Ferrari did not win a race for an entire season, and the team finished 10th in the Constructors' championship. Scheckter even failed to qualify in Canada and, after only managing 2 points, retired from the sport at the end of the year.
- McLaren M23
- Tyrrell P34
- Lotus 78
- Brabham BT44
- Tremayne, David & Hughes, Mark (1998). "The Concise Encyclopedia Of Formula One, Paragon.
- article about 312T
|Cars that competed in the 1975 Formula One season|
Brabham BT44 • BRM P201 • Ensign N174 • Ensign N175 • Ferrari 312B3 • Ferrari 312T • Fittipaldi FD01 • Fittipaldi FD02 • Hesketh 308B • Hesketh 308C • Hill GH1 • Lola T370 • Lotus 72 • Lyncar L006 • Maki F101 • March 741 • March 751 • McLaren M23 • Parnelli VPJ4 • Penske PC1 • Shadow DN3 • Shadow DN5 • Shadow DN7 • Surtees TS16 • Tyrrell 007 • Williams FW01 • Williams FW02 • Williams FW03 • Williams FW04
|Cars that competed in the 1976 Formula One season|
Brabham BT44 • Brabham BT45 • BRM P201 • Ensign N175 • Ensign N174 • Ensign N176 • Ferrari 312T • Ferrari 312T2 • Fittipaldi FD03 • Fittipaldi FD04 • Hesketh 308D • Kojima KE007 • Ligier JS5 • Lotus 77 • Maki F102 • March 761 • McLaren M23 • McLaren M26 • Parnelli VPJ4 • Penske PC3 • Penske PC4 • Shadow DN3 • Shadow DN5 • Shadow DN8 • Surtees TS16 • Surtees TS19 • Tyrrell 007 • Tyrrell P34 • Williams FW04 • Williams FW05
|Cars that competed in the 1977 Formula One season|
Williams FW03 • Brabham BT45 • Ensign N175 • BRM 201 • BRM P207 • Ensign N177 • Ferrari 312T2 • Fittipaldi FD04 • Fittipaldi F5 • Hesketh 308E • Kojima KE009 • LEC CRP1 • Ligier JS7 • Lotus 78 • March 761 • March 771 • McGuire BM1 • McLaren M23 • McLaren M26 • Penske PC4 • Renault RS01 • Shadow DN5 • Shadow DN8 • Surtees TS19 • Tyrrell 007 • Tyrrell P34 • Wolf WR1 • Wolf WR2 • Wolf WR3
|Cars that competed in the 1978 Formula One season|
Lotus 78 • Lotus 79 • Brabham BT46 • Ferrari 312T2/312T3 • Tyrrell 008 • Wolf WR1 • Wolf WR5 • Ligier JS7 • Ligier JS7 • Ligier JS9 • Fittipaldi F5 • McLaren M26 • Williams FW06 • Arrows FA1 • Arrows A1 • Shadow DN8 • Shadow DN9 • Renault RS01 • Surtees TS19 • Surtees TS20 • Ensign N177 • Martini MK23 • Hesketh 308E • ATS HS1 • ATS D1 • Theodore TR1 • Merzario A1
|Cars that competed in the 1979 Formula One season|
Ferrari 312T3/312T4/312T4B • Williams FW06 • Williams FW07 • Ligier JS11 • Lotus 79 • Lotus 80 • Tyrrell 009 • Renault RS01 • Renault RS10 • McLaren M26 • McLaren M28 • McLaren M29 • Brabham BT46 • Brabham BT48 • Brabham BT49 • Arrows A1 • Arrows A2 • Shadow DN9 • ATS D2 • ATS D3 • Fittipaldi F5 • Fittipaldi F6 • Alfa Romeo 177 • Alfa Romeo 179 • Kauhsen WK • Wolf WR7 • Ensign N177 • Ensign N179 • Rebaque HR100 • Merzario A1B • Merzario A2
|Cars that competed in the 1980 Formula One season|
Williams FW07 • Ligier JS11 • Brabham BT49 • Renault RE20 • Lotus 81 • Tyrrell 009 • Tyrrell 010 • McLaren M29 • McLaren M30 • Arrows A3 • Fittipaldi F7 • Fittipaldi F8 • Ferrari 312T5 • Alfa Romeo 179 • Shadow DN11 • Shadow DN12 • ATS D3 • ATS D4 • Osella FA1 • Ensign N180
: 1975 Formula One season cars
| 1976 Formula One season cars
| 1977 Formula One season cars
| 1978 Formula One season cars
| 1979 Formula One season cars
| 1980 Formula One season cars
| Ferrari Formula One cars
| Vehicles with boxer engines