Ferrari 348

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Ferrari 348
Ferrari 348 TS
Automotive industryFerrari
Parent companyFiat Group
Model year1989–1995 (8,844 produced[1])
PredecessorFerrari 328
SuccessorFerrari F355
Car classificationSports car
Car body styleBerlinetta
Targa top
Spyder
Automobile layoutRear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout
Internal combustion engine3.4 L V8 engine
Transmission (mechanics)5-speed Manual transmission[2][3][4]
Wheelbase2450 mm (96.5 in)[2][3][4]
Length4230 mm (166.5 in)[2][3][4]
Width1894 mm (74.6 in) (TB, TS)[2]
1890 mm (74.4 in) (GTS, GTB, Spider)[3][4]
Height1170 mm (46.1 in)[2][3][4]
Curb weight1393 kg (3071 lb) (TB, TS)[2]
1370 kg (3020 lb) (GTS, GTB, Spider)[3][4]
Fuel capacity95 L (25.1 US gal) (TB, TS, Spider)[2][4]
88 L (23.2 US gal) (GTS, GTB)[3]
RelatedFerrari Mondial t

The Ferrari 348 is a Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout V8 engine-powered 2-seat Sports car, replacing the 328 in 1989 and continuing until 1995.[5][6]

Contents

Overview


The 348, badged 348 TB for the coupe and 348 TS for the Targa top versions, features a naturally aspirated 3.4 litre version of the quad-cam, 4-valve per cylinder V8 engine which was originally found in the 288 GTO sports car. The engine produced 300 hp (224 kW) at launch and sits Longitudinal with a Transverse gearbox, like the Mondial t with which the 348 shares many components. This was a major switch for Ferrari, with most previous small Ferraris using a transverse engine with longitudinal transmission.

All 348s were shipped with dual-computer, double-redundant Anti-Lock Braking systems. Traction Control and Launch Control are 348 aftermarket options available through Gemballa, among others.

Likewise, all 348s were shipped with on-board self-diagnosing Air Conditioning and heating systems.

U.S. 348s have functioning on-board OBDI engine management systems, though European variants need to have light bulbs installed into the dash to activate this troubleshooting feature.

Similar to the Testarossa but departing from the BB 512 and 308/328, the oil and coolant radiators were relocated from the nose to the sides, widening the waist of the car substantially, but making the cabin much easier to cool, since hoses routing warm water no longer ran underneath the cabin as in the older front-radiator cars. This also had the side effect of making the doors very wide.

All Ferrari 348s use racing "dry-sump" oil systems to prevent oil starvation at high speeds and in hard corners. The oil level can only be checked (accurately) on the dip-stick when the motor is running due to this setup.

Likewise, all 348s have independently suspensions adjustable for ride height, as well as a removable rear sub-frame to speed up the removal of the engine for maintenance.

More than 8,000 348s were produced, and the car's straked side air intakes resemble those of the Testarossa.

1993 changes


In 1993 the 348 was revised, featuring subtle styling changes and more power, this time producing 312 bhp (U.S) and 320 hp (Euro) from the same 3.4 litre engine (with a different exhaust). The revised cars are called 348 GTB and GTS. For these models, the lower body was body-colored instead of black, and the rear track was one inch wider due to the addition of spacers. The suspension geometry was revised which greatly enhanced its handling, ride and body control. The 348 Spyder (convertible) model was also introduced, in-line with the phasing out of the Mondial Cabriolet.

For 1994 only, Ferrari also made 360 hp (268 kW) to 500 hp (370 kW) 348 Competizione race models (some sold in Europe for the street, too) in conjunction with the Michelotto performance house. These 348 GTCs (or GT Competiziones) had kevlar front and rear bumpers, kevlar seats, kevlar door panels, whilst the Le Mans race models used F40 half-shafts.

Reviews


The car has been criticized for twitchy Car handling when driven with mismatched tires (some old, some new). When tested by Car and Driver magazine versus the Acura NSX, it was found to be very easy to spin out around some turns when all four tires were not identical in model and age. Its "break away" characteristic was then abrupt and difficult to catch once rear traction was lost. One highlight of the 348 was its steering feel, direct and an abundance of feedback, which in comparison the Honda NSX steering was lacking in feedback, with a reluctance to change direction at higher speeds, and through off camber corners.

Specifications

TB and TS

  • Engine: DOHC, 32 Valve V8, 3405 cc
  • Power: 300 bhp (224 kW) @ 7200 rpm
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual
  • Chassis: Steel platform & sub-frame
  • Suspension: Independent all round
  • Brakes: 4 wheel Disk ABS
  • Max. Speed: 275 km/h (171+ mph)
  • Acceleration:
    • 0-100 km/h (62 mph): 5.4 s (as stated in owners manual)
    • 0-161 km/h (100 mph): 12.2 s
  • 1/4 mile : 13.4 s (as stated in owners manual)

GTB, GTS and Spider

  • Engine: DOHC, 32 Valve V8, 3405 cc
  • Power: 320 bhp (239 kW) @ 7800 rpm
  • Transmission: 5-speed manual
  • Chassis: Steel platform & sub-frame
  • Suspension: Independent all round
  • Brakes: 4 wheel Disk ABS
  • Max. Speed: 275 km/h (175+ mph)
  • Acceleration
    • 0-96 km/h (60 mph): 5.3 s
    • 0-161 km/h (100 mph): 12.0 s
  • 1/4 mile : 13.4 s

Notes

  1. "The Ferrari 348 - Models". http://www.club348.com/models348/models348.html. Retrieved on 2008-05-01. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "348 TB, TS" (Flash). Ferrari S.p.A.. http://www.ferrariworld.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 "348 GTB, GTS" (Flash). Ferrari S.p.A.. http://www.ferrariworld.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 "348 Spider" (Flash). Ferrari S.p.A.. http://www.ferrariworld.com. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 
  5. "Ferrari 348 tb & ts". QV500.com. http://www.qv500.com/ferrari348p1.php. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 
  6. Mike Husleag (2005-02-10). "1989 - 1995 Ferrari 348 TS". TopSpeed.com. http://www.topspeed.com/cars/ferrari/1989-1995-ferrari-348-ts-ar2187.html. Retrieved on 2008-04-01. 

References

  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7. 

External links

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