Ferrari 400

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See also the Ferrari 400 Superamerica
Ferrari 400/412
Ferrari 400.jpg
ManufacturerFerrari
Parent companyFiat Group
Production1976–1989
PredecessorFerrari 365 GT4 2+2
SuccessorFerrari 456
Classfront-engined 2+2
400 GT (& Automatic)
Production1976–1979
147 (GT) & 355 (A) produced
Body style(s)coupé
Engine(s)4.8 L V12
400i GT (& Automatic)
Production1979–1985
422 (GT) & 883 (A) produced
Body style(s)coupé
Engine(s)4.8 L FI V12
412 GT (& Automatic)
Production1985–1989
576 produced
Body style(s)coupé
Engine(s)4.9 L FI V12

The Ferrari 400 and Ferrari 412 are front-engined 2+2 coupé cars from Italian manufacturer Ferrari and were available with the 5-speed all synchromesh or an optional 3-speed automatic transmission unit from General Motors. Their design was derived from the almost identical looking 365 GT4 2+2 version of the famous Daytona. Production began in 1976, when Ferrari revealed its first car fitted with an automatic transmission - the 400 - at the Paris Motorshow of 1976. With the improved 412 introduced in 1985 it was phased out in 1989. Today, its sleek, Pininfarina-designed lines and relatively limited production numbers may give it potential as a future classic. It has not been universally admired however, and is listed at #18 in the BBC's book of "Crap Cars", sandwiched between the Daihatsu Applause and the Austin Ambassador.

400 (Automatic) & 400 GT

The 400 Automatic or 400A used the General Motors Turbo-Hydramatic THM400 automatic transmission, whilst the 400 GT used a 5-speed all synchromesh transmission.

The engine, based on the Daytona's 4.4 L (4390 cc, 268 cu in), was a 4.8 L (4823 cc, 294 cu in) V12 producing 340 PS (250 kW); front mounted and driving the rear wheels, the traditional GT car layout allowed Ferrari to fit four seats into the stylish coupé.

400i & 400i GT

The carburetors on the 400 were replaced with Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection for 1979. As in the smaller 308i, power was down substantially, to 310 PS (228 kW), but emissions were much improved.

412 & 412 GT

The 400 was improved for 1985 with an increase in displacement to 4.9 L (4943 cc, 302 cu in) and a restoration of the original car's 340 PS (250 kW). ABS was offered for the first time on a Ferrari; the manual and automatic transmissions were both retained.

Production was stopped in 1989 with only the mid-engined Mondial offering 2+2 seating. The classic front-engine layout returned in 1992 with the 456.

References

  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7.