Ferrari 400

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See also the Ferrari 400 Superamerica
Ferrari 400/412
Ferrari 400.jpg
Automotive industryFerrari
Parent companyFiat Group
Production1976–1989
PredecessorFerrari 365 GT4 2+2
SuccessorFerrari 456
Car classificationFR layout 2+2 (car body style)
400 GT (& Automatic)
Production1976–1979
147 (GT) & 355 (A) produced
Car body styleCoupé
Internal combustion engine4.8 L V12
400i GT (& Automatic)
Production1979–1985
422 (GT) & 883 (A) produced
Car body styleCoupé
Internal combustion engine4.8 L Fuel injection V12
412 GT (& Automatic)
Production1985–1989
576 produced
Car body styleCoupé
Internal combustion engine4.9 L Fuel injection V12

The Ferrari 400 and Ferrari 412 are FR layout 2+2 (car body style) Coupé cars from Italy manufacturer Ferrari and were available with the 5-speed all synchromesh or an optional 3-speed Automatic transmission unit from General Motors Corporation. Their design was derived from the almost identical looking 365 GT4 2+2 version of the famous Daytona. Production began in 1976, when Ferrari revealed its first car fitted with an automatic transmission - the 400 - at the Paris Motorshow of 1976. With the improved 412 introduced in 1985 it was phased out in 1989. Today, its sleek, Pininfarina-designed lines and relatively limited production numbers may give it potential as a future classic. It has not been universally admired however, and is listed at #18 in the BBC's book of "Crap Cars", sandwiched between the Daihatsu Applause and the Austin Ambassador.

Contents

400 (Automatic) & 400 GT


The 400 Automatic or 400A used the General Motors Turbo-Hydramatic Turbo-Hydramatic automatic transmission, whilst the 400 GT used a 5-speed all synchromesh transmission.

The engine, based on the Daytona's 4.4 L (4390 cc, 268 cu in), was a 4.8 L (4823 cc, 294 cu in) V12 producing 340 PS (250 kW); front mounted and driving the rear wheels, the traditional GT car layout allowed Ferrari to fit four seats into the stylish coupé.

400i & 400i GT


The Carburetor on the 400 were replaced with Robert Bosch GmbH Jetronic fuel injection for 1979. As in the smaller 308i, power was down substantially, to 310 PS (228 kW), but emissions were much improved.

412 & 412 GT


The 400 was improved for 1985 with an increase in displacement to 4.9 L (4943 cc, 302 cu in) and a restoration of the original car's 340 PS (250 kW). Antilock braking system was offered for the first time on a Ferrari; the manual and automatic transmissions were both retained.

Production was stopped in 1989 with only the MR layout Mondial offering 2+2 seating. The classic front-engine layout returned in 1992 with the 456.

References

  • Buckley, Martin & Rees, Chris (1998). World Encyclopedia of Cars. London: Anness Publishing. ISBN 1-84038-083-7. 
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