Jean Behra

From Ferrari Wiki

Jump to: navigation, search
Jean Behra
FIA Super Licence Flag of France France
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1952 Formula One season - 1959 Formula One season
TeamsGordini, Maserati, BRM, Ferrari
Races53 (52 starts)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions0
Wins0
Podiums9
Career points51.14
Pole position0
Fastest lap1
First race1952 Swiss Grand Prix
Last race1959 French Grand Prix

Jean Marie Behra (born in Nice, France, February 16 1921 - died in Berlin, Germany, August 1 1959) was a Formula One driver who raced for the Gordini, Maserati, BRM, Ferrari and Porsche teams.

Contents

Appearance and personality


Behra was small in stature, stocky, and weighed 178 pounds.[1] Behra had big shoulders and was scarred from 12 crashes. In 1955 he had an ear torn off from a collision. He sometimes drove magnificently and at others he drove with a lack of enthusiasm.[2]

Career synopsis


He raced motorcycles for Motor-Guzzi prior to changing to sports cars and Grand Prix racing. Behra began driving cars competitively in 1952. Joakim Bonnier claimed that he learned the majority of his racing skill from Behra.[1] Although he never achieved victory in a World Championship Formula 1 race, he managed an unquenchable thirst for motorsport, being considered a formidable competitor to the day he died. He hit the headlines when he won the non-title 1952 Reims Grand Prix. Between then and 1959 he scored many victories, but none in Formula 1 championship races.

Gordini


Behra was in a Gordini in the Pan-American road race in the Mexican state of Oaxaca in November 1952. He won the first stage of the five-day race from Mexico's southern border to the US-Mexico border at Ciudad Juárez near El Paso. He started 19th and finished with a time of 3 hours, 41 minutes, and 44 seconds.[3] On the second day of competition Behra crashed his car on a curve approximately fifty miles from Puebla, Puebla.[4] In April 1954 Behra passed the leader in the last ten minutes on his way to victory in the Grand Prix of Pau, France. He finished 200 yards (180 m) ahead of Maurice Trintignant after having to make many pit stops due to mechanical trouble. Behra drove a six cylinder Gordini.[5]

Maserati

Behra finished first at the Grand Prix de Pau for a second consecutive year, this time at the wheel of a Maserati. Alberto Ascari led until the 19th lap but dropped back after brake failure. A crowd of 50,000 watched as only eleven of sixteen starters finished the race.[6] Behra and Luigi Musso were teammates in the 1,008 kilometer super-Cortemaggiori Grand Prix at Monza, Italy. The two Italians shared a 3,000 cubic centimeter Maserati that won and established course and lap records for 6.3 kilometer track.[7]

Behra had surgery on his leg in June 1956, forcing him to miss a 1,000 kilometer Monza Grand Prix.[8] He earned the pole position for a Grand Prix at Rouen, France in July 1956. His Maserati was clocked at an average speed of nearly 155.46 kilometers per hour.[9] Behra drove a Maserati to capture the Grand Prix of Rome, a 2,000 cubic centimeters sports car event, in October 1956. His winning distance was 166.030 kilometers. He covered one lap in 2 minutes, 16.9 seconds, to average 174.003 kilometers an hour. This established a record for the Catelfusano track.[10]

In April 1957 Behra turned in the quickest time for the Pau Grand Prix. He circuited the 2.77 meter course in 1 minute 35.7 seconds, which was a half second slower than his lap record time. The race covered a distance of 304.6 kilometers or about 190 miles (310 km).[11] Behra won the race which was run through the streets of Pau, with an average speed of 62.7 mph (100.9 km/h).[12] Behra was injured while testing a car for the Mille Miglia in May 1957. He recovered and entered a Maserati in the 24 hours of Le Mans on June 22.[13] Behra was triumphant in a Maserati at Kristianstad, Sweden in August 1957. He drove in a Swedish 6-hour Grand Prix at the Rabelov, 6,537 meter, asphalt track.[14] He followed this with a win in the Grand Prix of Modena, Italy in September.[15]

Porsche

Behra drove a Porsche to victory in the 6th Rouen Grand Prix. He bested the British drivers, Graham Hill and Alan Stacey.[16] Behra took 4th place at Oporto in the 1958 Portuguese Grand Prix, driving for British Racing MotorsBRM.[17] He drove a Porsche to achieve first place in the Grand Prix of Berlin, Germany held in September. He navigated the twenty circuits of the 5.19-mile (8.35 km) track with a time of 128.2 mph (206.3 km/h). in 48 minutes, 14.8 seconds.[18] Altogether he scored wins in 8 straight European races in 1958. In each sports car event he piloted a Porsche Spyder. In Formula 1 he drove exclusively for BRM that year.[1] Behra finished 4th at Riverside International Raceway in a small Porsche RSK, in October 1958. He made a quick exit and took an airplane to Europe, where he left for the Grand Prix of Morocco at Casablanca. He was in such a hurry that he left Riverside, California in an ambulance to make his flight.[19]

Final season and death

In 1959 he moved to Ferrari where he partnered with Tony Brooks. Behra won a 200-mile (320 km) international race of Formula 1 cars at Aintree, in April 1959. He averaged 88.7 miles per hour in an event in which Brooks took second place, 10 seconds behind.[20] When he retired in the French Grand Prix at Reims-Gueux after a piston failure, Behra was involved in a strong discussion in which he punched team manager Romolo Tavoni, and was instantly dismissed from the team.

Less than a month later he crashed his Porsche RSK in rainy weather in the sports car race that preceded the German Grand Prix at AVUS, in Berlin, Germany.[21] He was thrown from his car and fatally injured when he hit a flagpole, causing a skull fracture.

The sports car race featured entries of small, under 1,500 c.c. engine capacity. After three laps Behra was third behind Wolfgang von Trips and Bonnier, who eventually finished one and two. The AVUS was unique among race tracks. It used a strip of the Autobahn 2.5 miles (4.0 km) in length. The north and south bound lanes were fifty feet apart. At one end was a Hairpin turn which drivers negotiated at around 30 mph (48 km/h). At the other end was a 30-foot (9.1 m) high, steeply banked loop. Behra lost control in the pouring rain, while going 110 mph (180 km/h). The Porsche began to fishtail with the tail of the car going higher and higher up the slick, steep bank. Then the Porsche spun and went over the top of the banking, with its nose pointing toward the sky. It landed heavily on its side on top of the banking. It remained there wrecked, while the race continued on underneath. Behra was thrown out and for a fleeting moment he could be seen against the background of the sky, with his arms outstretched as though attempting to fly. He impacted one of eight flagpoles arranged at the summit of the embankment which bore the flags of the competing nations. The flagpole toppled over when Behra collided with it, about halfway to its top.

Behra came down into trees and rolled almost into a street where drivers and cars often waited in a paddock to practice. A doctor arrived from a Red Cross ambulance close by. He examined Behra briefly and shook his head. A hospital bulletin stated that Behra broke most of his ribs in addition to the skull fracture which killed him.[21] Currently AVUS is a vital part of the German public highway system as Autobahn A 115.

Mourning

Behra was buried in Nice, France six days after the crash in which he died on August 1. In between there were three funeral services. 3,000 mourners in Nice lined the streets from wall to wall. The first funeral service was in Berlin, followed by another in Paris.

Behra left a nineteen-year-old son, Jean Paul. Behra's demise left only Maurice Trintignant among living French drivers of fame. Trintignant comforted Behra's family and called on the young men of France to defend the colors of their country in international motor racing. Conspicuously absent among those present in the racing community was Enzo Ferrari. He dropped Behra as a factory driver ten days before his death and sent no remembrance to the funeral masses.[22]


Complete Formula One World Championship results

(F1 driver results legend 2) (Race in italics indicates fastest lap (shared))

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Points
1952 Formula One season Gordini Gordini Gordini Type 16 Gordini
Straight-6
1952 Swiss Grand Prix
3
1952 Indianapolis 500
1952 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1952 French Grand Prix
7
1952 British Grand Prix
1952 German Grand Prix
5
1952 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1952 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
11th 6
1953 Formula One season Gordini Gordini Gordini Type 16 Gordini
Straight-6
1953 Argentine Grand Prix
6
1953 Indianapolis 500
1953 Dutch Grand Prix
1953 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1953 French Grand Prix
10
1953 British Grand Prix
Ret
1953 German Grand Prix
Ret
1953 Swiss Grand Prix
Ret
1953 Italian Grand Prix
NC 0
1954 Formula One season Gordini Gordini Gordini Type 16 Gordini
Straight-6
1954 Argentine Grand Prix
DSQ
1954 Indianapolis 500
1954 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1954 French Grand Prix
6
1954 British Grand Prix
Ret
1954 German Grand Prix
10
1954 Swiss Grand Prix
Ret
1954 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1954 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
26th 0.14
1955 Formula One season Maserati Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati
Straight-6
1955 Argentine Grand Prix
6 *
1955 Monaco Grand Prix
3 †
1955 Indianapolis 500
1955 Belgian Grand Prix
5 ‡
1955 Dutch Grand Prix
6
1955 British Grand Prix
Ret
1955 Italian Grand Prix
4
9th 6
1956 Formula One season Maserati Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati
Straight-6
1956 Argentine Grand Prix
2
1956 Monaco Grand Prix
3
1956 Indianapolis 500
1956 Belgian Grand Prix
7
1956 French Grand Prix
3
1956 British Grand Prix
3
1956 German Grand Prix
3
1956 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
4th 22
1957 Formula One season Maserati Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati
Straight-6
1957 Argentine Grand Prix
2
1957 Monaco Grand Prix
1957 Indianapolis 500
1957 French Grand Prix
6
1957 British Grand Prix
Ret
1957 German Grand Prix
6
1957 Pescara Grand Prix
Ret
11th 6
Maserati V12 1957 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1958 Formula One season Ken Kavanagh Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati
Straight-6
1958 Argentine Grand Prix
5
11th 9
BRM BRM BRM P25 BRM Straight-4 1958 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1958 Dutch Grand Prix
3
1958 Indianapolis 500
1958 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1958 French Grand Prix
Ret
1958 British Grand Prix
Ret
1958 German Grand Prix
Ret
1958 Portuguese Grand Prix
4
1958 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1958 Moroccan Grand Prix
Ret
1959 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 1959 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1959 Indianapolis 500
1959 Dutch Grand Prix
5
1959 French Grand Prix
Ret
1959 British Grand Prix
17th 2
Jean Behra Behra-Porsche Porsche 718 Porsche in Formula One Flat-4 1959 German Grand Prix
DNS
1959 Portuguese Grand Prix
1959 Italian Grand Prix
1959 United States Grand Prix
* Indicates shared drive with Harry Schell
† Indicates shared drive with Cesare Perdisa
‡ Indicates shared drive with Roberto Mieres
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Stirling Moss
BRDC International Trophy
1957
Succeeded by
Peter Collins
Records
Preceded by
Juan Manuel Fangio
52 entries, 51 starts
(1950 Formula One season - 1958 Formula One season)
List of Formula One driver records
53 entries, 52 starts
(1950 Formula One season - 1959 Formula One season),
53rd at the 1959 German Grand Prix
Succeeded by
Harry Schell
56 entries
(56 starts),
54th at the 1959 Italian Grand Prix

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Behra Arrives To Drive In $14,500 U.S. Grand Prix, Los Angeles Times, October 10, 1958, Page C1.
  2. Grand Prix Drivers Accentuate The Positive, New York Times, May 3, 1959, Page S7.
  3. Behra and Faulkner Lead Sections On First Leg of Mexican Auto Race, New York Times, November 20, 1952, Page 41.
  4. Italian Auto Pilot Paces Mexican Race, New York Times, November 21, 1952, Page 32.
  5. Behra Wins Pau Auto Race, New York Times, April 20, 1954, Page 37.
  6. Behra Takes Pau Race; Italian Driver Is Killed, New York Times, April 12, 1955, Page 34.
  7. Behra, Musso Take Monza Race, New York Times, May 30, 1955, Page 9.
  8. Behra Faces Surgery, New York Times, June 20, 1956, Page 37.
  9. Behra At Pole Position, New York Times, July 8, 1956, Page 144.
  10. Behra Of France Takes Auto Race, October 22, 1956, Page 47.
  11. Behra Has Fast Trial, April 21, 1957, Page 183.
  12. Behra's Auto First In Pau Grand Prix, New York Times, April 23, 1957, Page 37.
  13. Jean Behra Rides Again After Accident, Washington Post and Times Herald, Page C5.
  14. Behra Takes Auto Race, New York Times, August 12, 1957, Page 23.
  15. Briefs, Los Angeles Times, September 23, 1957, Page C2.
  16. Behra Takes Rouen Race, New York Times, June 9, 1958, Page 32.
  17. Moss Wins Portugal's Grand Prix, The Washington Post and Times Herald, August 25, 1958, Page A15.
  18. Behra's Porsche Wins, New York Times, September 22, 1958, Page 36.
  19. Behra Makes Hurried Departure From Race, Los Angeles Times, October 13, 1958, Page C2.
  20. Behra's Ferrari First At Aintree, New York Times, April 19, 1959, Page S1.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Jean Behra Killed In Race Crack-Up, New York Times, August 2, 1959, Page S1.
  22. A Tribute To Behra, New York Times, August 11, 1959, Page 30.
Personal tools