Mario Andretti

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Mario Andretti
MarioAndretti.jpg
FIA Super Licence Flag of the United States United States (naturalized 1964)
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1968 Formula One season - 1972 Formula One season, 1974 Formula One season - 1982 Formula One season
TeamsTeam Lotus, March Engineering, Ferrari, Parnelli, Alfa Romeo (Formula One), WilliamsF1
Races131 (128 starts)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions1 (1978 Formula One season)
Wins12
Podiums19
Career points180
Pole position18
Fastest lap10
First race1968 U.S. Grand Prix
First win1971 South African Grand Prix
Last win1978 Dutch Grand Prix
Last race1982 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years1966 24 Hours of Le Mans-1967 24 Hours of Le Mans, 1982 24 Hours of Le Mans-1983 24 Hours of Le Mans, 1988 24 Hours of Le Mans, 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans-1997 24 Hours of Le Mans, 2000 24 Hours of Le Mans
TeamsHolman Moody
Grand Touring Cars Inc.
Porsche Kremer Racing
Porsche AG
Courage Compétition
Panoz
Best finish2nd (1995 24 Hours of Le Mans)
Class wins1 (1995 24 Hours of Le Mans)

Mario Gabriele Andretti (born February 28, 1940) is an Italian American former Automobile Auto racing driver, and one of the most successful United States in the history of the sport. He is one of only two drivers to win races in the four major motor racing categories: Formula One, American Championship Car Racing, World Sportscar Championship and NASCAR, the other being Dan Gurney. He also won races in Midget car racing, Sprint car racing and Drag racing.

During his career, Andretti won four Champ car titles, the 1978 Formula One season List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions, and IROC VI. To date, he remains the only driver ever to win the Indianapolis 500 (1969 Indianapolis 500), Daytona 500 (1967) and the Formula One World Championship, and, along with Juan Pablo Montoya, the only driver to have won a race in the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series, Formula One, and an Indianapolis 500. No American has won a Formula One race since Andretti's victory at the 1978 Dutch Grand Prix.[1] Andretti had 109 career wins on major circuits.[2]

Andretti had a long career in racing. He was the only person to be named United States Driver of the Year in three decades (1967, 1978, and 1984).[3] He was also one of only three drivers to win races on Road racing, paved Oval track, and Dirt track racing in one season, a feat that he accomplished four times.[3] With his final IndyCar win in April 1993, Andretti became the first driver to win IndyCar races in four different decades[4] and the first to win races in five different decades.[3]

In American popular culture, his name has become synonymous with speed, similar to Barney Oldfield in the early twentieth century and Stirling Moss in the United Kingdom.[5]


Contents

Early life


Mario Andretti and his twin brother Aldo Andretti were born into an Italian family in Motovun (then Montona), Istria, on February 28, 1940 to a farm administrator named Luigi and his wife Rina.[6] Istria was then a region of Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) but became a part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia with the conclusion of World War II in 1945. Three years later in 1948 Mario, Aldo, their sister Anna Maria, and their parents left Istria during the period of the Istrian exodus for a camp in Lucca, Italy.[7] The family emigrated to the United States of America in 1955 and settled in Nazareth, Pennsylvania in Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley in June of that year with just U.S. dollar125.[3] Andretti became a Naturalization United States citizen in 1964.

Racing career


Childhood involvement in motorsports

The twins' mother Rina said that when they were two years old, they would take pot lids out of the cupboards and run around the kitchen, going "Vroom, vroom," like they were driving cars - this before they had seen a car.[3] In 1945, at the age of five, he and Aldo were racing their hand-crafted wooden cars through the steep streets of their hometown.[8] Later, the brothers were hired by a garage to park cars, Andretti described the experience in his book What's It Like Out There: "The first time I fired up a car, felt the engine shudder and the wheel come to life in my hands, I was hooked. It was a feeling I can't describe. I still get it every time I get into a race car."[9] Andretti's first racing experience was in a new youth racing league called Formula Junior in Ancona, Italy when he was thirteen years old.[6][10] He had a fond childhood memory of watching a stretch of the Mille Miglia race in 1954 causing him to become captivated by Italian two-time Formula One world champion Alberto Ascari.[11][10]

Stock car racing

Start in racing

Mario and Aldo were surprised to find a half mile dirt racing track when they moved to Nazareth.[3] The twins worked on a 1948 Hudson Hornet Sportsman Stock car racing funded by money that they earned in their uncle's garage in 1959.[3] They took turns racing the car on oval Dirt track racing near Nazareth in 1959 in the old Hudson Motor Car. They did not tell their parents that they were racing.[6] The twins each had two wins after their first four races.[12] Aldo was seriously hurt near the end of the season, and their parents were unhappy to find out that the twins were racing.[6] Mario had 21 modified stockcar wins in 46 races in 1960 and 1961.[3]

USAC stock car

Andretti occasionally competed in United States Automobile Club (USAC) stock car events. He competed in USAC stock cars in 1965, and finished twelfth in the season points.[6] He won a USAC Stock Car race in 1967, and finished seventh in the season points.[6] He won three 1974 USAC stock car races on road courses, and won four road course races in 1975.[6]

NASCAR

Mario Andretti
BornFebruary 28, 1940 (1940-02-28) (age 76)
Hometown22px Motovun (then Montona), Istria, Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)
Flag of the United States Naturalization American
Awardsnamed the "Driver of the Century" by the Associated Press and RACER magazine

2000 International Motorsports Hall of Fame

1996 National Sprint Car Hall of Fame & Museum (U.S.)

named Driver of the Quarter Century in 1992

1990 Motorsports Hall of Fame of America inductee

1978-1979 (IROC VI) International Race of Champions series champion

1978 Formula One season Formula One List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions

1974 United States Automobile Club national dirt track champion (U.S.)

1972 24 Hours of Daytona

1969 Indianapolis 500 winner

1967 Daytona 500 winner

Three time 12 Hours of Sebring winner (1967, 1970, 1972)

Four time IndyCar champion (1965, 1966, 1969, 1984)

1969 American Broadcasting Company's Wide World of Sports (U.S. TV series) Athlete of the Year
NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Statistics
14 races run over 4 years
Best Cup Positionunranked
First Race1967 Motor Trend 500 (Riverside International Raceway)
Last Race1969 Motor Trend 500 (Riverside International Raceway)
First Win1967 Daytona 500 (Daytona International Speedway)
Last Win1967 Daytona 500 (Daytona International Speedway)
Wins Top Tens Pole position
1 3 0

Andretti competed in fourteen NASCAR Grand National/Winston Cup (now Sprint Cup) events in his career. He competed in Holman Moody cars for his final ten events. Holman Moody was one of NASCAR's most successful teams at that time, as the team won NASCAR championships in 1968 and 1969 with driver David Pearson.[13] Andretti won the Daytona 500 for Holman Moody.[14]

International Race of Champions

Andretti was invited to race in six International Race of Champions (IROC) series in his career. His best years were his first three years. He finished second in the final points standings in IROC III (1975-1976) and IROC V (1977-1978). He won the IROC VI (1978-1979) points championship with finishes of third, first, and second. He won three races in twenty events.[14]

Open wheel racing

Early open wheel racing

Andretti's goal was to race in single-seater Open wheel racing cars. Andretti said "Aldo and I were winning in stock cars. But my objective was to get into single-seaters."[6]

Andretti raced Midget car racing from 1961 to 1963. He started racing 3/4 (sized) Midget car racing in the American Three Quarter Midget Racing Association in the winter to be seen by full-sized midget car owners.[6] He raced in over one hundred events in 1963.[15] Andretti won three feature races at two different tracks on Labor Day (United States) in 1963.[6] He won an afternoon feature at Flemington, New Jersey, and swept twin features at Hatfield, Pennsylvania.[6]

The next rung on the racing ladder on the East Coast of the United States was to race in Sprint car racing in the United Racing Club (URC).[6] Andretti was able to get a ride for individual races in the URC sprint car racing series, but was unable to secure a full-time ride.[6] He once drove from Canada to Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania hoping to find a ride in an event, but he went empty-handed. He bypassed the series when he was offered a full-time ride in a United States Automobile Club Sprint car racing for 1964.[6]

USAC sprint cars

Andretti won the 1964 Joe James-Pat O'Connor Memorial USAC sprint car race at Salem Speedway in Salem, Indiana. Andretti continued to race in USAC sprint cars after moving into champ cars. In 1965 he won once at Ascot Park, and finished tenth in the season points.[6] In 1966 he won five times (Cumberland, Maryland, Oswego, New York, Rossburg, Ohio, Phoenix, Arizona, and his second win at the Joe James-Pat O'Connor Memorial at Salem Speedway), but finished behind Roger McCluskey in the season championship.[6] In 1967 he won two of the three events that he entered.[6]

IndyCar career

From 1956 to 1979, the top Open wheel racing series in North America was the USAC National Championship. It was often referred to as Champ car racing, or Indycar racing, referring to the famous Indianapolis 500 race which was the centerpiece of the championship. The races were run on a mixture of paved and dirt ovals, and in later years also included some road courses.

Andretti made his Champ Car debut on April 19 1964 at the New Jersey State fairgrounds in Trenton, New Jersey.[6] He started sixteenth and finishing eleventh. Andretti was introduced by his USAC sprint car owner to veteran mechanic Clint Brawner. Brawner was not impressed since sprint car drivers Stan Bowman, Donnie Davis, and Chuck Hulse had recently died in accidents.[6] Chris Economaki recommended Andretti to Brawner, so Brawner watched Andretti race at Terra Haute, Indiana.[6] Brawner was convinced that he had found the new driver for his team.[6] The two stayed together for six years.[6] Andretti finished eleventh in National Championship that season.[6] Andretti won his first championship car race at the Hoosier Grand Prix on a road course at Indianapolis Raceway Park in 1965.[6] His third place finish at the 1965 Indianapolis 500 in the Brawner Hawk earned him the race's List of Indianapolis 500 Rookies of the Year award, and contributed towards Andretti winning the series championship. He was the youngest national champion in series history at age 25.[15] He repeated as series champion in 1966,[10] winning eight of fifteen events.[6] He also won the pole at the 1966 Indianapolis 500.[6] Andretti finished second in the IndyCars in 1967 and 1968. He also won a single non-championship Drag racing in 1967 in a Ford Mustang.

Andretti won nine races in 1969, the 1969 Indianapolis 500, and the season championship. He also won the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb, which was part of the USAC National Championship.[12] He was named American Broadcasting Company's Wide World of Sports (U.S. TV series) Athlete of the Year. Between 1966 and 1969 he won 29 of 85 USAC championship races.[3]

In 1973, USAC split its National Championship into dirt and pavement championships.[6] Andretti had one win on the pavement and finished fifth in the season points, and finished second in the dirt championship.[6] He competed in USAC's dirt track division in 1974, and won the dirt track championship while competing in both series.[3] Andretti also competed in the North American Formula 5000 series in 1973 and 1974, and finished second in the championship in both seasons.[3]

Formula One career

Andretti drove his Team Lotus Lotus 63 at the 1969 German Grand Prix.
Andretti's Lotus 77 racecar

Formula One is the highest form of open wheel racing sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's international governing body. Although originating in Europe, by the 1960s it included races worldwide. At Andretti's first Indianapolis 500, in 1965 Indianapolis 500, he met Colin Chapman, owner of the Team Lotus Formula One team, who was running eventual race winner Jim Clark's car.[16] Andretti told Chapman of his ambition to compete in Formula One and was told "When you're ready, call me."[17] By 1968 Andretti felt he was ready. Chapman gave him a car, and the young American took the pole position on his debut at the 1968 United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen International in his Lotus 49.[18][16]

Andretti drove sporadically in Formula One over the next four years for Lotus, March Engineering, and Ferrari, while continuing to focus on his racing career in America.[16] At the 1971 South African Grand Prix, on his debut for Ferrari, he won his first Grand Prix.[16] Three weeks later, at the non-championship Questor Grand Prix in the U.S., he brought the Italian team a second victory.[19]

It wasn't until 1975 Formula One season that Andretti drove a full Formula One season, for the American Parnelli team. The team was new to Formula One, although it had been successful in both Formula 5000 and Championship Car racing in America with Andretti driving. The team had run Andretti in the two North American end-of-season races in 1974 with promising results. Andretti qualified fourth and led the 1975 Spanish Grand Prix for nine laps before his suspension failed. He scored five championship points in the season. Andretti continued to compete in IndyCar, missing two Formula One races in the middle of the season to do so.[20]

When the Parnelli team pulled out of Formula One after two races of the 1976 Formula One season, Andretti returned to Chapman's Lotus team, for whom he had already driven at the season-opening 1976 Brazilian Grand Prix. Lotus was then at a low point, having failed to produce a competitive car to replace 1970's Lotus 72. Andretti's ability at developing a racing car contributed to Lotus' return to the front of the Formula One grid, culminating in lapping the field in his victory at the season ending race at the Fuji Speedway circuit in Japan.[16] Since mid-1975 Lotus had been developing the use of Ground effect, shaping the underside of the car to generate Downforce with little penalizing Drag (physics). For his part, Andretti worked at setting up his cars for the races, exploiting subtle differences in tire size ('stagger') and suspension set up ('cross weighting') on each side of the car to optimize it for each track, an approach imported from his extensive oval racing experience in the United States.[21] In 1977, at Long Beach, California, he became the only American to win the United States Grand Prix West, and the last American as of 2008 to win any US Grand Prix.[22] The Lotus 78 "wing car" proved to be the most competitive car of 1977,[23] but despite winning four races, more than any other driver, reliability problems and collisions with other drivers meant Andretti finished only third in the championship.[23] The following year, the Lotus 79 exploited ground effect even further and Andretti took the title with six wins.[23] He clinched the championship at the Italian Grand Prix.[3] There was no championship celebration because his teammate and close friend Ronnie Peterson crashed heavily at the start of the race; he was hospitalised and died that night from complications resulting from his injuries.[3]

Andretti would find little success after 1978 in Formula One - he failed to win another grand prix. He had a difficult year in 1979, as the new Lotus 80 was not competitive, and the team had to rely on the Lotus 79 which had been overtaken by the second generation of ground effect cars.[24] In 1980, he was paired with Italian Elio de Angelis, and briefly with the young Nigel Mansell, but the team was again unsuccessful.[25]

Andretti had an unsuccessful 1981 Formula One season with the Alfa Romeo (Formula One) team. Like other drivers of the period he did not like the Ground effect cars of the time: "the cars were getting absurd, really crude, with no suspension movement whatever. It was toggle switch driving with no need for any kind of delicacy...it made leaving Formula One a lot easier than it would have been."[26] The next year Andretti raced once for the Williams F1 team, after their driver Carlos Reutemann suddenly quit, before replacing the seriously injured Didier Pironi at Ferrari for the last two races of the year. Suspension failure dropped him out of the last race of the season, but at the Italian Grand Prix at Monza he took the pole position and finished third in the race.[16][27]

Return to IndyCar racing

Andretti driving at Laguna Seca in 1991.

Andretti had continued to race, and occasionally win, in the USAC National Championship during his time in the Formula One world championship. In 1979 a new organization, Championship Auto Racing Teams, had set up the Indycar world series as a rival to the USAC National Championships that Andretti had won three times in the 1960s. The new series had rapidly become the top open wheel racing series in North America.[28]

It was to this arena that Andretti returned full time in 1982, driving for Patrick Racing. In 1983 he joined the new Newman/Haas Racing team, set up by Carl Haas and actor Paul Newman using cars built by British company Lola Racing Cars. Andretti took the team's first win at Road America in 1983 CART World Series Season.[29] He won the pole for nine of sixteen events in 1984 CART World Series Season, and claimed his fourth American Championship Car Racing title at the age of 44. He edged out Tom Sneva by 13 points. It was the first series title for the second year team.

Andretti in 1984

Mario's son Michael joined Newman/Haas in 1989. Together, they made history as the first father/son team to compete in both IMSA GT Championship and Champ Car racing,[10] as for the former, it was their fourth time in an endurance race together as co-drivers. Mario finished seventh in points for the 1991 season, the year that Michael won the championship. Mario's last victory in IndyCar racing came in 1993 at Phoenix International Raceway,[4] the year that Michael left Newman/Haas to race in Formula One. The win made Mario the oldest recorded winner in an IndyCar event (53 years, 34 days old).[4][30] Andretti qualified on the pole at the Michigan 500 later that year with a speed of 234.275 Miles per hour (377.028 Kilometers per hour). The speed was a new closed course world record.[15] Andretti's final season, in 1994, was dubbed "The Arrivederci Tour." He raced in the last of his 407 Indy car races that September.

Indianapolis 500

Mario (left) and his brother Aldo Andretti (right) at pole day for the 2007 Indianapolis 500

Andretti won once at the Indianapolis 500 in 29 attempts. Andretti has had so many incidents and near victories at the track that critics have dubbed the family's performance after Mario's 1969 Indianapolis 500 victory the "Andretti Curse".[31][32]

Mario finished all 500 miles (800 km) just five times, including his 1969 Indianapolis 500 victory. Andretti was the first driver to exceed 200 miles per hour (320 km/h) while practicing for the 1977 Indianapolis 500.[33]

Andretti finished second in the 1981 Indianapolis 500 by eight seconds behind Bobby Unser. The following day Unser was penalized one lap for passing cars under a caution flag, and Andretti was declared the winner. Unser and his car owner Roger Penske appealed the race stewarts' decision. USAC overturned the one lap penalty four months later, and penalized Unser with a U.S. dollar40,000 fine.

In the 1985 Indianapolis 500, he was passed by Danny Sullivan. Sullivan subsequently spun in front of Andretti, pitted on his own caution, and then passed Mario again to go on for the win. Andretti dominated the 1987 Indianapolis 500 testing, led for 170 of the first 177 laps of the race, but his race was ended with electrical failure on lap 180 of 200. Andretti suffered broken ankles in the 1992 Indianapolis 500 when he crashed hard in turn four during the race. Andretti's last race at Indy was the 1994 Indianapolis 500.[31]

After retiring, Andretti was testing for his son Michael's IndyCar on April 24 2003 in place of the injured Tony Kanaan at Indianapolis. At 5:58 pm -- two minutes before the scheduled end of the session -- Andretti powered out of the first turn onto the "south chute" of the circuit. In his path lay a chunk of debris from Kenny Bräck's car, which had crashed seconds earlier. The object forced the nose of Andretti's car to become airborne, and Andretti's car went into a rapid double reverse somersault at speeds estimated to be above 200 miles per hour (320 km/h). Television footage from a local TV station's helicopter showed that the car was nearly high enough to clear the debris fence mounted atop the circuit's outer retaining wall. Andretti's car fell back to earth, having been slowed by its mid-air tumble, and slid to a stop. Luckily, the car landed right side up and Andretti walked away from the crash with very minor injuries.[15]

Sports cars

1989 Porsche 962 co-driven with son Michael Andretti

Andretti won three 12 Hours of Sebring endurance races (1967, 1970, 1972),[3] and the 24 Hours of Daytona in 1972. In early sportscar races he competed for the Holman Moody team, but later often drove for Ferrari. He signed with Ferrari in 1971, and won several races with co-driver Jacky Ickx.[16] In 1972 he shared wins in the three North American rounds of the championship and at Brands Hatch in the UK, contributing to Ferrari's dominant victory in 1972 World Sportscar Championship season. He also competed in the popular North American Can-Am series in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

Le Mans

Andretti competed at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in four decades. In 1966 24 Hours of Le Mans he shared a Holman Moody Ford GT40 with Lucien Bianchi. They retired after their car dropped a valve at 10:30p.m.[34] In 1967 24 Hours of Le Mans his front brake locked, causing him to crash his Holman Moody Ford GT40 at the Esses. His teammates, Jo Schlesser and Roger McCluskey, crashed while managing to avoid Andretti's GT40. McCluskey pulled Andretti to safety, and Andretti was taken to hospital for X-ray.[35][36]

Andretti did not return to Le Mans until his full time Formula One career was over. In 1982, he partnered with son Michael in a Mirage M12 Ford. They qualified in ninth place, but the pair found their car being removed from the starting grid 80 minutes before the start of the race,[37] as an official discovered an oil cooler that was mounted behind the gearbox, which was against the rules. The car had passed initial inspection four days before the race.[37] Despite protests and complaints, the Andretti's entry was removed altogether, replaced by a Porsche 924 Carrera GTR. Their return in the 1983 24 Hours of Le Mans was more successful as they finished third. The father/son team returned in 1988 24 Hours of Le Mans with John Andretti. They finished sixth in a factory Porsche 962. Following Mario's retirement from full-time racing, he decided on a return to the circuit to add a Le Mans victory to his achievements. He returned in 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans with a second place finish. He said in a 2006 interview that he feels that the Courage Compétition team "lost [the 1995] race five times over" through poor organization. He had unsuccessful efforts in the following years with a thirteenth place in 1996 24 Hours of Le Mans, and then a DNF (Did Not Finish) for 1997 24 Hours of Le Mans. Andretti's final appearance at Le Mans was at the 2000 24 Hours of Le Mans, six years after his retirement from full-time racing, when he drove the Panoz LMP-1 Roadster-S at the age of 60, finishing 16th.[38]

Awards and honors

In 2000, the Associated Press and RACER magazine named him Driver of the Century.[39] He was the Driver of the Year (in the United States) for three years (1967, 1978, and 1984),[40] and is the only driver to be Driver of the Year in three decades.[12] Andretti was named the U.S. Driver of the Quarter Century in 1992.[2] He was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame in 2001,[2] the United States National Sprint Car Hall of Fame & Museum in 1996,[6] the Motorsports Hall of Fame of America in 1990,[11] and the Hoosier Auto Racing Hall of Fame in 1970.[6]

On October 23, 2006, Andretti was awarded the highest civilian honor given by the Italian government, the Italian orders of merit (known as the Commendatore), in honor of his racing career, public service, and enduring commitment to his Italian heritage.[39] Enzo Ferrari is the only other recipient of the Commendatore from the world of automobile racing.

Mario Andretti Grand Prix of Road America


Mario was instrumental in keeping championship car racing at Road America. Champ Car severed its ties with the track as a legal resolution of payment issues from the 2002 and 2003 series Champcar Grand Prix of Road America at the track. Andretti was an intermediary between CART President Chris Pook and Road America President George Bruggenthies. After six weeks both sides came to terms and signed a two year contract. The event was renamed the "Mario Andretti Grand Prix of Road America".[8]


Elder of Andretti racing family

Mario (left) with nephew John Andretti (right) at the 2007 Indianapolis 500

Both of Mario Andretti's sons, Michael Andretti and Jeff Andretti, were auto racers. Michael followed in his father's footsteps by winning the IndyCar title, with Mario's nephew John Andretti joining the series in 1991. This meant that the Andrettis became the first family to have four relatives compete in the same series.[12] With Mario sharing driving duties with sons Michael and Jeff at the 1991 Rolex 24 at Daytona, driving a Porsche 962, the Andretti clan finished 5th[41]. Mario's grandson Marco Andretti completed his first full season in the Indy Racing League (IRL) in 2006, driving for his father Michael's Andretti Green Racing team. Marco finished second in the 2006 Indianapolis 500 and so became the first third-generation recipient of the race's List of Indianapolis 500 Rookies of the Year.

Later life

Mario and his wife Dee Ann live near their son Michael in mansions overlooking the town of Nazareth, Pennsylvania, Mario's home city since the 1950s. Dee Ann is a native of Nazareth who taught English to Andretti in 1961.[33] Dee Ann and Mario were married on November 25 1961.[42]

Andretti has kept active after his retirement from full-time racing. He makes numerous speaking engagements before corporate audiences and is a spokesman for long time sponsors Texaco/Havoline and Firestone Tire and Rubber Company. He is also occasionally a spokesman for the Champ Car, although he frequently attends IRL races watching Marco compete. Andretti is Chairman of a Winery named Andretti Winery in Napa Valley, California. He owns a chain of gasoline stations, a Toyota dealership in Moon Township, Pennsylvania (just outside of Pittsburgh), car washes, car-care products, Karting tracks, a clothing line, video games and replica cars. He also test drives cars for Road & Track and Car and Driver magazines.[5]

In July 2006 Mario took part in the Bullrun race across America.[5] The first pitstop was at the Pocono Raceway (in Andretti's state of Pennsylvania), with Gate #5 aptly named Andretti Road.

Media appearances

Mario played himself on three episodes of the United States television show Home Improvement.[43]. He also appears in films, an IMAX movie Super Speedway about the making of Newman/Haas Racing cars as well as being about Mario Andretti and Michael Andretti.[43] Mario is also in the Pixar Animation Studios film Cars (film)[43], where his voice is used for a cameo in which he plays the 1967 Ford Fairlane in which he won the Daytona 500, a parody of his own success in that race. Mario appeared in the Off-road racing documentary Dust to Glory as a course official, where the movie documents the 2004 Baja 1000 race.[43]
Mario also wrote a racing column for the Indianapolis Star where he wrote about other drivers, equipment, and cars.[42]

Formula One World Championship results

(F1 driver results legend 2) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 WDC Pts.
1968 Formula One season John Player & Sons Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 49 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1968 South African Grand Prix 1968 Spanish Grand Prix 1968 Monaco Grand Prix 1968 Belgian Grand Prix 1968 Dutch Grand Prix 1968 French Grand Prix 1968 British Grand Prix 1968 German Grand Prix 1968 Italian Grand Prix
DNS
1968 Canadian Grand Prix 1968 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1968 Mexican Grand Prix NC 0
1969 Formula One season John Player & Sons Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 49 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1969 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1969 Spanish Grand Prix 1969 Monaco Grand Prix 1969 Dutch Grand Prix 1969 French Grand Prix 1969 British Grand Prix NC 0
Team Lotus Lotus 63 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1969 German Grand Prix
Ret
1969 Italian Grand Prix 1969 Canadian Grand Prix 1969 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1969 Mexican Grand Prix
1970 Formula One season STP (motor oil company) March Engineering March 701 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1970 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1970 Spanish Grand Prix
3
1970 Monaco Grand Prix 1970 Belgian Grand Prix 1970 Dutch Grand Prix 1970 French Grand Prix 1970 British Grand Prix
Ret
1970 German Grand Prix
Ret
1970 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1970 Italian Grand Prix 1970 Canadian Grand Prix 1970 United States Grand Prix 1970 Mexican Grand Prix 16th 4
1971 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312B Ferrari Flat-12 1971 South African Grand Prix
1
1971 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1971 Monaco Grand Prix
DNQ
1971 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1971 French Grand Prix 1971 British Grand Prix 8th 12
Ferrari 312B2 Ferrari Flat-12 1971 German Grand Prix
4
1971 Austrian Grand Prix 1971 Italian Grand Prix 1971 Canadian Grand Prix
13
1971 United States Grand Prix
DNS
1972 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 312B2 Ferrari Flat-12 1972 Argentine Grand Prix
Ret
1972 South African Grand Prix
4
1972 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1972 Monaco Grand Prix 1972 Belgian Grand Prix 1972 French Grand Prix 1972 British Grand Prix 1972 German Grand Prix 1972 Austrian Grand Prix 1972 Italian Grand Prix
7
1972 Canadian Grand Prix 1972 United States Grand Prix
6
12th 4
1974 Formula One season Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Parnelli VPJ4 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1974 Argentine Grand Prix 1974 Brazilian Grand Prix 1974 South African Grand Prix 1974 Spanish Grand Prix 1974 Belgian Grand Prix 1974 Monaco Grand Prix 1974 Swedish Grand Prix 1974 Dutch Grand Prix 1974 French Grand Prix 1974 British Grand Prix 1974 German Grand Prix 1974 Austrian Grand Prix 1974 Italian Grand Prix 1974 Canadian Grand Prix
7
1974 United States Grand Prix
DSQ
NC 0
1975 Formula One season Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Parnelli VPJ4 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1975 Argentine Grand Prix
Ret
1975 Brazilian Grand Prix
7
1975 South African Grand Prix
17
1975 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1975 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1975 Belgian Grand Prix 1975 Swedish Grand Prix
4
1975 Dutch Grand Prix 1975 French Grand Prix
5
1975 British Grand Prix
12
1975 German Grand Prix
10
1975 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1975 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1975 United States Grand Prix
Ret
14th 5
1976 Formula One season John Player & Sons Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 77 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1976 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Spanish Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Monaco Grand Prix 1976 Swedish Grand Prix
Ret
1976 French Grand Prix
5
1976 British Grand Prix
Ret
1976 German Grand Prix
12
1976 Austrian Grand Prix
5
1976 Dutch Grand Prix
3
1976 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Canadian Grand Prix
3
1976 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1976 Japanese Grand Prix
1
6th 22
Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Parnelli VPJ4 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1976 South African Grand Prix
6
1976 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1977 Formula One season John Player & Sons Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 78 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1977 Argentine Grand Prix
5
1977 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 South African Grand Prix
Ret
1977 United States Grand Prix West
1
1977 Spanish Grand Prix
1
1977 Monaco Grand Prix
5
1977 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Swedish Grand Prix
6
1977 French Grand Prix
1
1977 British Grand Prix
14
1977 German Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1977 Italian Grand Prix
1
1977 United States Grand Prix
2
1977 Canadian Grand Prix
9
1977 Japanese Grand Prix
Ret
3rd 47
1978 Formula One season John Player & Sons Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 78 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1978 Argentine Grand Prix
1
1978 Brazilian Grand Prix
4
1978 South African Grand Prix
7
1978 United States Grand Prix West
2
1978 Monaco Grand Prix
11
1st 64
Team Lotus Lotus 79 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1978 Belgian Grand Prix
1
1978 Spanish Grand Prix
1
1978 Swedish Grand Prix
Ret
1978 French Grand Prix
1
1978 British Grand Prix
Ret
1978 German Grand Prix
1
1978 Austrian Grand Prix
ret
1978 Dutch Grand Prix
1
1978 Italian Grand Prix
6
1978 United States Grand Prix
Ret
1978 Canadian Grand Prix
10
1979 Formula One season Martini Racing Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 79 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1979 Argentine Grand Prix
5
1979 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1979 South African Grand Prix
4
1979 United States Grand Prix West
4
1979 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1979 British Grand Prix
Ret
1979 German Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1979 Italian Grand Prix
5
1979 Canadian Grand Prix
10
1979 United States Grand Prix
Ret
12th 14
Team Lotus Lotus 80 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1979 Spanish Grand Prix
3
1979 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1979 French Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Formula One season Essex Petroleum Team Lotus Team Lotus Lotus 81 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1980 Argentine Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 South African Grand Prix
12
1980 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1980 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Monaco Grand Prix
7
1980 French Grand Prix
Ret
1980 British Grand Prix
Ret
1980 German Grand Prix
7
1980 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Dutch Grand Prix
8
1980 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 Canadian Grand Prix
Ret
1980 United States Grand Prix
6
20th 1
1981 Formula One season Marlboro (cigarette) Alfa Romeo (Formula One) Alfa Romeo (Formula One) Alfa Romeo 179 Alfa Romeo (Formula One) V12 engine 1981 United States Grand Prix West
4
1981 Brazilian Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Argentine Grand Prix
8
1981 San Marino Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Belgian Grand Prix
10
1981 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Spanish Grand Prix
8
1981 French Grand Prix
8
1981 British Grand Prix
Ret
1981 German Grand Prix
9
1981 Austrian Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Dutch Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
1981 Canadian Grand Prix
7
1981 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
Ret
17th 3
1982 Formula One season Techniques d'Avant Garde WilliamsF1 WilliamsF1 Williams FW07 Ford Motor Company V8 engine 1982 South African Grand Prix 1982 Brazilian Grand Prix 1982 United States Grand Prix West
Ret
1982 San Marino Grand Prix 1982 Belgian Grand Prix 1982 Monaco Grand Prix 1982 Detroit Grand Prix 1982 Canadian Grand Prix 1982 Dutch Grand Prix 1982 British Grand Prix 1982 French Grand Prix 1982 German Grand Prix 1982 Austrian Grand Prix 1982 Swiss Grand Prix 19th 4
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Ferrari 126C Ferrari V6 engineTurbocharger 1982 Italian Grand Prix
3
1982 Caesars Palace Grand Prix
Ret

Indianapolis 500 results

Year Chassis Engine Start Finish
1965 Indianapolis 500 Brawner Hawk Ford 4th 3rd
1966 Indianapolis 500 Brawner Hawk Ford 1st 18th
1967 Indianapolis 500 Brawner Hawk Ford 1st 30th
1968 Indianapolis 500 Brawner Hawk Ford 4th 33rd
1969 Indianapolis 500 Brawner Hawk Ford 2nd 1st
1970 Indianapolis 500 McNamara (constructor) Ford 8th 6th
1971 Indianapolis 500 McNamara (constructor) Ford 9th 30th
1972 Indianapolis 500 Parnelli Offy 5th 8th
1973 Indianapolis 500 Parnelli Offy 6th 30th
1974 Indianapolis 500 All American Racers Offy 5th 31st
1975 Indianapolis 500 All American Racers Offy 27th 28th
1976 Indianapolis 500 McLaren Offy 19th 8th
1977 Indianapolis 500 McLaren Cosworth 6th 26th
1978 Indianapolis 500 Penske Racing Cosworth 33rd 12th
1980 Indianapolis 500 Penske Racing Cosworth 2nd 20th
1981 Indianapolis 500 Wildcat Cosworth 32nd 2nd
1982 Indianapolis 500 Wildcat Cosworth 4th 31st
1983 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Cosworth 11th 23rd
1984 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Cosworth 6th 17th
1985 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Cosworth 4th 2nd
1986 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Cosworth 30th 32nd
1987 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Chevrolet 1st 9th
1988 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Chevrolet 4th 20th
1989 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Chevrolet 5th 4th
1990 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Chevrolet 6th 27th
1991 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Chevrolet 3rd 7th
1992 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Ford-Cosworth 3rd 23rd
1993 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Ford-Cosworth 2nd 5th
1994 Indianapolis 500 Lola Racing Cars Ford-Cosworth 9th 32nd

References

  1. DAVE KALLMANN (June 18 2005). "U.S. GRAND PRIX; Feel the need for Speed; Formula One racer tops". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4196/is_20050618/ai_n14672796. Retrieved on 2007-06-12. 
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  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 Larry Schwartz. "Super Mario had speed to burn". ESPN. http://www.espn.go.com/classic/biography/s/andretti_mario.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-14. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Andretti Races to Victory". New York Times. April 5 1993. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CE7DB133EF936A35757C0A965958260. Retrieved on 2007-09-26. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Mario Andretti: Living Legend (an interview)". C16 Magazine. May 22 2007. http://www.c16mag.com/pacenote_item.aspx?cid=1410. Retrieved on 2007-06-14. 
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 6.16 6.17 6.18 6.19 6.20 6.21 6.22 6.23 6.24 6.25 6.26 6.27 6.28 6.29 "National Sprint Car Hall of Fame Inductees". [1]. http://www.sprintcarhof.com/Inductees.aspx. Retrieved on 2007-07-10. 
  7. "Montona Napa Valley Estate Wines". Andretti Winery. http://www.andrettiwinery.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23&Itemid=0. Retrieved on 2008-09-05. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Garu D'Amato (2003-08-02). "Appreciating Andretti". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4196/is_20030802/ai_n10897303. Retrieved on 2007-04-12. 
  9. "Mario Andretti - Began Racing In Italy". sports.jrank.org. http://sports.jrank.org/pages/146/Andretti-Mario-Began-Racing-in-Italy.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-12. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "Texaco/Havoline CART History Mario Andretti". Texaco/Havoline. http://www.texacohavoline42.com/media/history/cart/mario_andretti.asp. Retrieved on 2007-04-12. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Biography". Motorsports Hall of Fame of America. http://www.mshf.com/index.htm?/hof/andretti_mario.htm. Retrieved on 2007-02-22. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Schwartz, Larry. "Mario Andretti synonymous with racing". ESPN. http://espn.go.com/sportscentury/features/00014066.html. Retrieved on 2007-02-22. 
  13. "Holman Moody owner's statistics". racing-reference.info. http://www.racing-reference.info/owner?id=holmamo01. Retrieved on 2007-07-12. 
  14. 14.0 14.1 "NASCAR and IROC driving statistics". racing-reference.info. http://racing-reference.info/driver?id=andrema01. Retrieved on 2007-03-10. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Mattijs Diepraam, Rainer Nyberg. "THE CHAMPIONS / Mario Andretti". 8W. http://www.forix.com/8w/andretti.html. Retrieved on 2007-06-14. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Gerald Donaldson. "Mario Andretti". Formula One. http://www.formula1.com/teams_and_drivers/hall_of_fame/242/. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. 
  17. Taylor, Simon (March 2007). "Lunch with ... Mario Andretti". Motorsport LXXXIII: 36. 
  18. Taylor, Simon (March 2007). "Lunch with ... Mario Andretti". Motorsport LXXXIII: 33 - 42. 
  19. Tom Prankerd. "The Questor Grand Prix". forix.com. http://www.forix.com/8w/questor.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-15. 
  20. Gill, Barrie (ed.) (1976). The World Championship 1975 - John Player & Sons Motorsport yearbook 1976. Queen Anne Press Ltd.. pp. 37 & 120. ISBN 0-362-00254-1. 
  21. Nye, Doug (1986). Autocourse History of the Grand Prix car 1966 - 1985. Hazleton Publishing. pp. 95–97. ISBN 0-905-138-37-6. 
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  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 "Lotus - Ford 79". http://www.ddavid.com/formula1/lotus79.htm. Retrieved on 2007-07-13. 
  24. Nye (1986) p.100
  25. Nye (1986) p.196
  26. Roebuck, Nigel (1986). Grand Prix Greats. Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 24. ISBN 0-85059-792-7. 
  27. Roebuck (1986) pp.21-22
  28. Hamilton (ed.), Maurice (1983). Autocourse 1983 - 1984. Hazleton Publishing. pp. 219. ISBN 0-905138-25-2. 
  29. Hamilton (ed.) (1983) p.226
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  32. "'I didn't miss this': Andretti survives difficult weekend to get in field". CNN/Sports Illustrated. May 14 2001. http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/motorsports/2001/indy500/news/2001/05/14/andretti_difficulty_ap/. Retrieved on 2007-07-11. 
  33. 33.0 33.1 "Andretti's only Indy 500 win came in 1969". ESPN classic. http://espn.go.com/classic/s/add_andretti_mario.html. Retrieved on 2007-04-21. 
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  36. "Le Mans 1967". GT40.org. http://www.gt40.org.uk/Le%20Mans/1967.htm. Retrieved on 2007-06-15. 
  37. 37.0 37.1 Briggs, Ian (1991). Endurance Racing 1981-1991. Osprey Automotive. ISBN 1-85532-228-5. 
  38. Watkins, Gary (June 2006). "The dream isn't over". Motorsport LXXXII No. 6: 39 - 42. 
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  41. "IMSA 1991: 24 h Daytona". ClassicCars. http://www.classicscars.com/wspr/results/imsa/imsa1991.html#1. Retrieved on 2009-01-31. 
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  43. 43.0 43.1 43.2 43.3 "Mario Andretti". Internet Movie Database. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0004707/. Retrieved on 2007-07-10. 

Autobiographies

Further reading

  • Mario Andretti: A Driving Passion, Gordon Kirby. D. Bull Pub., 2001, ISBN 1893618129.
  • Mario Andretti Photo Album, Peter Nygaard. Iconografix, 1999, ISBN 1583880097.
  • Mario Andretti (Race Car Legends), G. S. Prentzas. Chelsea House Publishers, 1996, ISBN 0791031764.
  • Sports Hero, Mario Andretti, Marshall Burchard. Putnam, 1977. ISBN 0-399-20588-8.
  • Mario Andretti: The Man Who Can Win Any Kind of Race, Lyle K. Engel. Arco Publishing, 1970. ISBN 978-0668021937.
  • Mario Andretti: World Driving Champion, Lyle K. Engel. Arco Publishing, 1979. ISBN 0668047542.
  • Mario Andretti, Mike O'Leary. MotorBooks, 2002. ISBN 0760313997.
  • Andretti, Bill Libby. Grossett & Dunlap, 1970, ISBN 0448054299.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Johnny White
Indianapolis 500 Rookie of the Year
Indianapolis 500 Rookie of the Year

1965 Indianapolis 500
Succeeded by
Jackie Stewart
Preceded by
Richard Petty
Daytona 500
Winner

1967
Succeeded by
Cale Yarborough
Preceded by
Bobby Unser
List of Indianapolis 500 winners
Winner

1969 Indianapolis 500
Succeeded by
Al Unser
Preceded by
Niki Lauda
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
1978 Formula One season
Succeeded by
Jody Scheckter
Preceded by
Al Unser
International Race of Champions
Champion

IROC VI
Succeeded by
Bobby Allison
Preceded by
Al Unser
Champ Car
Champion

1984 CART World Series season
Succeeded by
Al Unser


Persondata
NAME Andretti, Mario
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Racecar driver
DATE OF BIRTH February 28, 1940
PLACE OF BIRTH Montona d'Istria, Italy (now Motovun, Croatia)
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
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