Mike Hawthorn

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Mike Hawthorn
FIA Super Licence Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Formula One World Championship career
Active years1952 Formula One season - 1958 Formula One season
TeamsLD Hawthorn, AHM Bryde, Ferrari, Vanwall, BRM
Races47 (45 starts)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions1 (1958 Formula One season)
Wins3
Podiums18
Career points112.64 (127.64)[1]
Pole position4
Fastest lap6
First race1952 Belgian Grand Prix
First win1953 French Grand Prix
Last win1958 French Grand Prix
Last race1958 Moroccan Grand Prix
24 Hours of Le Mans career
Participating years1953 24 Hours of Le Mans, 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans1958 24 Hours of Le Mans
TeamsJaguar Cars
Scuderia Ferrari
Best finish1st (1955 24 Hours of Le Mans)
Class wins1 (1955 24 Hours of Le Mans)

John Michael Hawthorn (April 10, 1929 - January 22, 1959) was a racing driver, born in Mexborough, Yorkshire, England, and educated at Ardingly College, West Sussex.

Contents

Biography


Hawthorn made his Formula One debut at the 1952 Belgian Grand Prix, finishing an impressive 4th place. He would later win his first Grand Prix, at only the 9th attempt, when he won the 1953 French Grand Prix at Reims-Gueux.

In 1955, Hawthorn was the winner of the 24 hours of Le Mans race, despite being involved in the terrible 1955 Le Mans disaster.

Hawthorn drove his Ferrari at the 1958 Argentine Grand Prix.

He was the winner of the 1958 Formula One season Formula One Championship. With only one win that year against four wins of Stirling Moss, he benefited greatly from the gentlemanliness of Moss as shown at the Portugal Grand Prix of Porto. Hawthorn was disqualified for pushing his car, against the rules, on the way to a second place finish. Moss interceded on Hawthorn's behalf and the decision was ultimately reversed. Those second place points at Porto contributed to Hawthorn winning the championship with a season total just one point more than that of Moss. After winning the title, Hawthorn immediately announced his retirement from Formula One.

Death

A matter of only months later, on January 22, 1959, Hawthorn died in an automobile accident on the A3 road (Great Britain) Guildford Bypass (road). He was driving his British Racing Green highly tuned Jaguar 3.4-litre sedan (now known as the 3.4 Mark 1 etc). What happened that day is still a mystery, suggested causes being driver error, mechanical failure, or blackout. The crash has been ascribed to combination of high speed, bad weather, competitiveness and impulsiveness. Rob Walker Racing Team 300 SL Mercedes was ahead of him. Perhaps Hawthorn pushed his car to pass Walker's. Hawthorn's Jaguar, nicknamed "the Merceater" was heavily modified for high power and speed. "No Kraut car could overtake or outaccelerate" Hawthorn's Jaguar (these are the words in his biography Challenge Me The Race) - a close relation had been killed in the war, hence his dislike of Germans.

There is now evidence that Hawthorn had recently become subject to blackouts that might well have caused the accident.[2]

In Farnham, Surrey, the town where he lived up to the time of his death, there is a street named Mike Hawthorn Drive (off Dogflud Way). It was also in this town that Hawthorn ran The Tourist Trophy Garage. Jaguars, Rileys, Fiats and Ferraris were serviced and sold from there.

Complete World Championship Results


(F1 driver results legend 2) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 WDC Pts.[1]
1952 Formula One season LD Hawthorn Cooper Car Company Cooper T20 Bristol Cars Straight-6 1952 Swiss Grand Prix
DNP
1952 Indianapolis 500
DNP
1952 Belgian Grand Prix
4
1952 British Grand Prix
3
1952 German Grand Prix
DNP
1952 Dutch Grand Prix
4
1952 Italian Grand Prix
Ret
5th 10
AHM Bryde Cooper Car Company Cooper T20 Bristol Cars Straight-6 1952 French Grand Prix
Ret
1953 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari Straight-4 1953 Argentine Grand Prix
4
1953 Indianapolis 500
DNP
1953 Dutch Grand Prix
4
1953 Belgian Grand Prix
6
1953 French Grand Prix
1
1953 British Grand Prix
5
1953 German Grand Prix
3
1953 Swiss Grand Prix
3
1953 Italian Grand Prix
6
4th 19 (27)
1954 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625 Ferrari Straight-4 1954 Argentine Grand Prix
DSQ
1954 Indianapolis 500
DNP
1954 Belgian Grand Prix
4*
1954 British Grand Prix
2
1954 German Grand Prix
2*
1954 Swiss Grand Prix
Ret
1954 Italian Grand Prix
2
3rd 24.64
Ferrari Ferrari 553 Ferrari Straight-4 1954 French Grand Prix
Ret
1954 Spanish Grand Prix
1
1955 Formula One season Tony Vandervell Vanwall Vanwall Straight-4 1955 Argentine Grand Prix
DNP
1955 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1955 Indianapolis 500
DNP
1955 Belgian Grand Prix
Ret
NC 0
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Ferrari 555 Ferrari Straight-4 1955 Dutch Grand Prix
7
1955 Italian Grand Prix
10
Ferrari 625 Ferrari Straight-4 1955 British Grand Prix
6
1956 Formula One season British Racing Motors Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati Straight-6 1956 Argentine Grand Prix
3
1956 Belgian Grand Prix
DNS
12th 4
British Racing Motors BRM P25 British Racing Motors Straight-4 1956 Monaco Grand Prix
DNS
1956 Indianapolis 500
DNP
1956 British Grand Prix
Ret
1956 German Grand Prix
DNP
1956 Italian Grand Prix
DNP
Tony Vandervell Vanwall Vanwall Straight-4 1956 French Grand Prix
10
1957 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Lancia in Formula One-Ferrari D50A Lancia in Formula One V8 1957 Argentine Grand Prix
Ret
1957 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1957 Indianapolis 500
DNP
4th 13
Ferrari Ferrari 801 Lancia in Formula One V8 1957 French Grand Prix
4
1957 British Grand Prix
3
1957 German Grand Prix
2
1957 Pescara Grand Prix
DNP
1957 Italian Grand Prix
6
1958 Formula One season Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Dino 246 Ferrari V6 1958 Argentine Grand Prix
3
1958 Monaco Grand Prix
Ret
1958 Dutch Grand Prix
5
1958 Indianapolis 500
DNP
1958 Belgian Grand Prix
2
1958 French Grand Prix
1
1958 British Grand Prix
2
1958 German Grand Prix
Ret
1958 Portuguese Grand Prix
2
1958 Italian Grand Prix
2
1958 Moroccan Grand Prix
2
1st 42 (49)

* Indicates Shared Drive

Hawthorn Memorial Trophy


The Hawthorn Memorial Trophy has been awarded to the most successful United Kingdom or Commonwealth of Nations F1 driver every year since 1959 Formula One season.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Up until 1990 Formula One season, not all points scored by a driver contributed to their final World Championship tally (see List of Formula One World Championship pointscoring systems for more information). Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  2. [1]
  3. "Button receives Hawthorn Trophy". racecar.com. 2007-07-08. http://www.racecar.com/story.asp?NewsID=17848. Retrieved on 2007-07-16. 

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Lance Macklin
BRDC International Trophy
1953
Succeeded by
José Froilán González
Preceded by
José Froilán González
Maurice Trintignant
List of 24 Hours of Le Mans winners
1955 24 Hours of Le Mans with:
Ivor Bueb
Succeeded by
Ron Flockhart (auto racing)
Ninian Sanderson
Preceded by
Juan Manuel Fangio
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
1958 Formula One season
Succeeded by
Jack Brabham
Records
Preceded by
Alberto Ascari
34 years, 16 days
(1952 Formula One season)
List of Formula One World Drivers' Champions
29 years, 192 days
(1958 Formula One season)
Succeeded by
Jim Clark
27 years, 188 days
(1963 Formula One season)


Persondata
NAME Hawthorn, Mike
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Hawthorn, John Michael
SHORT DESCRIPTION English racing driver
DATE OF BIRTH April 10, 1929
PLACE OF BIRTH Mexborough, Yorkshire, England
DATE OF DEATH January 22, 1959
PLACE OF DEATH A3 road (Great Britain) Guildford Bypass (road)
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